Philippine Revolution

Topics: Philippines, Philippine Revolution, Katipunan Pages: 5 (1477 words) Published: December 26, 2010
Problem : If the Katipunan had prevailed, do you think Aguinaldo could have made it to the top leadership? Why?

Basic Facts :
Andres Bonifacio founded the KKK or Katipunan
Andres Bonifacio Doesn’t have formal education
Andres Bonifacio And Emilio Aguinaldo refused to cooperate and aid each other in the battle. Emilio Aguinaldo has successes in the battlefields

Participation in the election primarily came from Caviteños. The other provinces in revolt, such as Bulacan, Pampanga, Tarlac, Laguna, and Batangas, were not participants. Emilio Aguinaldo is the one responsible for Andres Bonifacio arrest responsible and execution on May 10, 1897

Cause of the problem
The issue of leadership was debated. The Magdiwang faction, led by Bonifacio's uncle Mariano Álvarez, recognized Bonifacio as supreme leader, being the founder. The Magdalo faction, led by Emilio's cousin Baldomero Aguinaldo, agitated for Emilio Aguinaldo to be the organization's head because of his successes in the battlefield. Bonifacio meanwhile had had a succession of defeats.

Effect of the problem
In order to unite the Katipunan in Cavite, the Magdiwang through Artemio Ricarte and Pio Del Pilar invited Bonifacio, who was fighting in Morong (present-day Rizal) province, to come to Cavite, Aguinaldo's home ground. On December 31, an assembly was convened in Imus to settle the leadership issue once and for all. The Magdalo insisted on the establishment of revolutionary government to replace the Katipunan and continue the struggle. On the other hand, the Magdiwang favored the Katipunan's retention, arguing that it was already a government in itself. The assembly dispersed without a consensus. On March 22, 1897, another meeting was held in Tejeros. It called for the election of officers for the revolutionary government. Bonifacio chaired the election. This convention ended in further conflict and led to the revolution's demise. Bonifacio called for the election results to be respected. When the voting ended, Bonifacio had lost and the leadership turnover to Aguinaldo, who was away fighting in Pasong Santol. Instead, he was elected to director of the interior but his qualifications were questioned by a Magdalo, Daniel Tirona. Bonifacio felt insulted and drew his pistol to shoot Tirona had not Artemio Ricarte intervened. Bonifacio declared the election null and void and stomped out in anger. Aguinaldo took his oath of office as president the next day in Santa Cruz de Malabon (present-day Tanza) in Cavite, as did the rest of the officers, except for Andrés Bonifacio. In Naic, Bonifacio and his officers created the Naic Military Agreement, establishing a rival government to Aguinaldo's. It rejected the election at Tejeros and restored Bonifacio as the leader of the revolution. When Aguinaldo learned of the document, he ordered the arrest of Bonifacio and his soldiers. Colonel Agapito Benzon chanced upon Bonifacio in Limbon. In the subsequent battle, Bonifacio, and his brother Procopio were wounded, while their brother Crispulo was killed. They were taken to Naic to stand trial. The Consejo de Guerra (War Council) sentenced Andrés, and Procopio Bonifacio to death on May 10, 1897 for committing sedition and treason.[1] Aguinaldo commuted the punishment to deportation, but withdrew his decision following pressure from Pio Del Pilar and other officers of the revolution. On May 10, Colonel Lazaro Macapagal, upon orders from General Mariano Noriel, executed the Bonifacio brothers at the foothills of Mount Buntis,[1]a small mountain near Maragondon. Andrés Bonifacio, and his brother were buried in a shallow grave marked only with twigs.

In my opinion, it was really difficult to choose from Aguinaldo and Bonifacio. But the fact that Bonifacio is the one who founded the Katipunan must have been a considerably enough rationale for him to remain as the leader. It was just because the circle or group of Aguinaldo and members of his class enjoyed...
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