Personality Theories

Topics: Sigmund Freud, Unconscious mind, Psychoanalysis Pages: 4 (1078 words) Published: December 22, 2014


Personality Theories
Michele Robinson
BEH/225
December 14, 2014
Deanna Foley
Personality Theories
Freud believes that behavior is the part of personality that are found in the unconscious we are not aware of. Freud has three parts of awareness and consciousness that are the conscious mind, the preconscious mind, and the unconscious mind. Preconscious is the small amount that is on the surface. Unconscious is someone feelings and thoughts that are deep inside them. Conscious is the awareness or perception of something by a person (www.google.com/define). Freud’s theory is that a person’s personality comes from the id, the ego, and the superego. The id is unorganized; part of the personality and its purpose is to reduce any stress that has anything to do with hunger, sex aggression, and other primitive impulses. The ego to control energy so the person can be safe and help that person is a member of society. The superego is the part of a person’s mind that acts as a self- critical conscience, reflecting social standards learned from parents and teachers (www.google.com/define). The way the structure works is the id is the energy that works all of the time to satisfy the basic drives that are called pleasure principle. The id mostly uses primitive of the thinking process. The ego wants to make the id happy in real ways that are called reality principle. The ego has ways and means of dealing with reality and can make rational decisions. The ego is the go between the id and the superego. Superego is the honest part of one’s personality is party conscious and party unconscious. Freud says a person’s feelings, thoughts, and behaviors are the consequences of the interaction of the id, ego, and superego and neither one of them can get along with the other. When the id, ego, superego are fighting with each other it can cause anxiety and the defense mechanisms are activated to get rid of the anxiety. Defense mechanism is a mental process initiated,...
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