Unit 3 Review Guide
Chapter 14: Personality
Be familiar with how the Id, Ego, & Superego are said to keep balance. Know what principles each work under and why they often have conflicts Id- the unconscious portion of personality that contains basic impulses and urges. Here in the id exists the eros, life instincts(these promote positive energy or libido), and also the death instincts, or Thantos responsible for aggression and destructiveness. The id wants to operate by the pleasure principle, so do whatever for pleasure against societal rules. Fatty going ID to the burger king.
Ego- the part of the personality that mediates conflicts between and among the demands of the d, the superego, and the real world. Develops from id and acts as the reality principle makes compromises between the wants and reasonable capabilities. This one finds a way for people to get what they want in the real world.
Superego- the component of personality that tells people what they should and should not do. This is what develops last and becomes our moral guide. Tells us what we should and should not do.
Psychodynamic conflicts: this is the conflict between the three personality components. Our personality is supposed to be shaped by the number, nature and outcome of these conflicts. So ego will block the guilt that we would feel from making socially unacceptable action because of the Id, or thought about violating superego’s rules.
Be able to differentiate and give examples of Freud’s defense mechanisms Repression- unconsciously pushing away bad memories, urges, or ideas from conscious awareness. Ex. A person loses memory from bad event. Shutter island Rationalization-making mistakes seem reasonable. Ex. I spank my children cause its good for them. But actually you are just really mad about work. Projection- unconsciously placing one owns unacceptable thoughts on someone else. Ex. Instead of thinking I hate him the person states “ he hates me” Reaction formation- defending from bad impulses by acting opposite to them. Ex. Sexual interest in married coworker might come out as dislike. The meaner someone is to you the more they like you. Sublimation- expressing unacceptable urges into symbolic socially acceptable actions. EX. A sexual or aggressive desire might come out as artistic creativity or athletic excellence. Displacement- deflecting impulse from original target to less threatening one. Ex. Anger at a boss might come out as hostility towards a clerk. Denial- simply discounting the existence of threatening impulses. Ex- a person might completely deny having any physical attraction to a person of the same sex. Compensation- striving o make up for unconscious impulses of fears. Ex- a business exec. Extreme competitiveness might be aimed at compensating for unconscious feeling of inferiority.
Know freud’s stages of development and the consequences of becoming “fixated” on one of these stages Oral stage-first stage in, which the mouth is the center of pleasure and conflict. Birth to age 2
By becoming fixated at this stage due to early or late weaning, the person might become an overeater, or childlike dependence (late weaning) to the use of “biting” sarcasm (early weaning). Anal stage-ego develops focus shifts from mouth to anus. And the kid will try to compe with parental demands for socially appropriate behavior. Age 2 to 3
If the kid gets harsh treatment when being poop trained then as adults they will probably be very neat. If training is too lax then as adults they might be disorganized or impulsive(expelling feces symbolically) Phallic Stage-conflict shifts to genital area, where boy want to please mother and kill father. Ages 3-5
Boys- Oedipal complex-superego based off father. Superego of male begins to develope Girls- Electra complex-superego based off mother jealous of boy, penis envy, and Unresolved conflicts can lead to difficulties in dealing with authority, and inability to...
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