After the end of the age of Napoleon European powers needed to discuss the now disorganized borders that the Napoleonic Wars had created. They met in Vienna and negotiated over borders, until they finally came to a conclusion, The Peace of Vienna. The Peace of Vienna was the most far reaching diplomatic agreement between the Peace of Westphalia of 1648 and the Peace of Paris 1919 which end the First World War.
In the wake of Napoleon’s defeat, Europe was left deeply disorganized after nearly quarter of a century of revolution and war. Under the leadership of the quadruple alliance or the four great victors, Britain, Austria, Prussia, and Russia, the European countries met in Vienna to determine the fate of the territories that were shattered by the Napoleonic conquests. Their goal was to reconstruct a European order. Two principal dominated the negotiation in Vienna; the preservation of political equilibrium among the countries and the restoration of old dynasties that were driven out by the revolutionary wave. The political decisions that were decided in Vienna redraw the political map of Europe. Prussia expanded to include a part of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, Swedish Pomerania, over half of Saxony, and above all the greater part of the Rhine land. With these acquisitions Prussia definitively gains the status of a great European power. Meanwhile, Russia secures its takeover of Finland, trusteeship over the greater part of Poland, and takes Bessarabia from the Ottoman Empire, this helped Alexander I continue his march to Constantinople. Austria recovers the Tyrol, the kingdom of Venetia, Lombardy, as well as Dalmatia. These territories gave the Hapsburg Empire a Southern and Mediterranean engagement. Britain didn’t claim any territories on the European continent, the British were more concerned with developing it’s colonial empire and ensuring the security of it’s commercial shipping, Britain does however obtain some islands such as the