Many world leaders claim that nuclear weapons are vital shields for the planet. They claim that nuclear weapons are deterrents that prevent the world from breaking out in total war. Researchers are supporting this argument by declaring how nuclear weapons have been keeping peace. However, other researchers and scientists deny the effectiveness of nuclear weapons as deterrents and declare that nuclear weapons will lead the world into total devastation.
Many people throughout the world state that nuclear weapons have sparked fear throughout the world and need to be removed. The common problem that these researchers see is the possibility of a “nuclear winter.” Scientists say that the ongoing use of nuclear weapons will release so many particles in to the air that it will block out the sun and plummet the world into an eternal winter. Furthermore, researchers have discovered that if terrorists can obtain nuclear arms, they can accelerate the shift into “nuclear winter” and cause mass destruction on the planet in the process. The issue is that in the midst of a world currently filled with war and turmoil, national leaders continue to insist that the world’s supply of nuclear weapons is actually a shield, an asset in preventing the complete destruction of the world; however, the reality is that nuclear weapons are swords of annihilation, which will plunge the world into the devastating “nuclear winter” (McNamara).
Nuclear weapons have had a large impact on the world, beginning from the utilization of the atomic bomb in World War II. In the simplest words, nuclear weapons are explosives that are powered by nuclear reactions. The development of nuclear weapons took years of research and study. It began in the late 1800s with the discovery of the radioactivity of radium and the interest in the world to harness this power. More studies and evaluations were made, including the discovery of the nucleus by Ernest Rutherford and the discovery of nuclear fission by German scientists Lise Meitner and Otto Robert Frisch. The possibility of using nuclear fission as a weapon was clear to Meitner and Frisch, but the Germans could not keep the discovery a secret. In the beginning of World War II, the scientists of the world recognized the possibility of nuclear warfare during the war. The rumor of nuclear warfare turned into a real race. Scientists from the United States, Germany, Russia, and many other countries began to research, make, and test nuclear bombs. The operations were kept secret, but the United States broke the tension in 1945. On August 6, 1945, a nuclear bomb called “Little Boy” exploded above the Japanese city of Hiroshima, which was followed by another nuclear bomb called “Fat Man”, which was detonated above Nagasaki. The resulting explosions killed hundreds of thousands of civilians and ended the Pacific War. However, the nuclear arms race did not stop after World War II, and the Soviet Union became increasingly involved in the arms race. The Cold War is an example of the intense conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union in the arms race (“Nuclear Weapon”). Meanwhile, nuclear weapons continued to grow in power and sophistication. The United States tested the first hydrogen bomb, a nuclear bomb that used nuclear fusion, which had such great power. The Russians also created their own hydrogen bomb, and the rest of the world continued to take interest in nuclear weapons. Fear sparked throughout the world of the possibility of the release of any of these hydrogen bombs ("Nuclear Fusion"). Even countries like North Korea began to gain a supply of nuclear weapons. Scientists who continue to study the nuclear weapons have recognized the destruction that could happen if there were a nuclear war. The reality of the situation is that the supply of nuclear weapons throughout the world has the power to obliterate the entire planet. If the entire world does not unleash all its nuclear force, only a...
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