AP US History Ch 3-4 The American Pageant Test Study Guide
Consider the 5 Ws when thinking about history: Who, What, When, Where, & Why/How is it important?
Ch. 3 Settling The Northern Colonies, 1619-1700
Colonists in both the North and the South established differences in all of the following areas -
patterns of settlement – economics – values - allegiance to England The following are the correct definitions -
predestination – belief that from the moment of creation some souls were “saved” and others “damned” conversion - the sign of receipt of God’s free gift of saving grace antinomianism – belief that those whom God had marked for salvation need not obey secular laws In Calvinist thought the “conversion” -
was an intense, personal experience when God revealed an individual’s heavenly destiny In Puritan doctrine, the “elect” were also referred to as - “visible saints.” How did Henry VIII aid the entrance of Protestant beliefs into England?
He broke England’s ties with the Catholic church.
Why did King James I oppose the Separatists who wanted to break away entirely from the Church of England? He realized that if his subjects could defy him as their spiritual leader, they could defy him as their political leader. The Separatists migrated from Holland to the New World in order to -avoid the Dutchification of their children Each following colony is matched with its associated item -
Plymouth – Mayflower Compact
Connecticut – Fundamental Orders
Massachusetts Bay – General Court
How can the Mayflower Compact best be described?
A promising step toward genuine self-government
William Bradford- was the leader that helped the Pilgrims survive. The historical significance of the Pilgrims of Plymouth Bay lies in their moral and spiritual qualities. Unlike Separatists, the Puritans - remained members of the Church of England Initially, the Massachusetts Bay Colony enjoyed all of the following advantages -
being a well-equipped expedition
starting off on a larger scale than any other English colony.
receiving many fairly prosperous and educated immigrants.
a shared purpose among the first settlers.
Puritan doctrine included acceptance of - the idea of a covenant with God With the franchise in Massachusetts extended to all adult males who belonged to Puritan congregations, the -
proportion of qualified voters (approximately 2/5) in this colony as compared to England was - larger. In the Massachusetts “Bible Commonwealth,” clergyman -
were barred from holding formal political office
Puritan religious beliefs allowed all of the following -
drinking alcohol – eating plentifully – making love discreetly – singing songs
it did not allow challenging religious authority
Among the Puritans, it was understood that -
the purpose of government was to enforce God’s laws
People who flouted the authority of the Puritan clergy in Massachusetts Bay were subject to the following
fines – floggings – banishment – death According to Anne Hutchinson, a dissenter in Massachusetts Bay - the truly saved need not bother to obey the laws of God or man As the founder of Rhode Island, Roger Williams - established complete religious freedom for all
Roger Williams’ beliefs included all of the following -
breaking away from the Church of England
condemning the taking of Indian land without fair compensation
denying the authority of the civil government to regulate religious matters challenging the legality of Massachusetts Bay’s charter
But did not include demanding oaths regarding religious beliefs As a colony, Rhode Island became known for - individualist and independent attitudes Settlers of the Connecticut River colony developed a document known as the Fundamental Orders, which -
established a regime democratically controlled by “substantial” citizens The city of New Haven was settled by - Puritans
Unlike other English voyagers to the New World, the Puritans -...
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