Topics: History of painting, Fauvism, Modern art Pages: 7 (1254 words) Published: February 19, 2014


Byzantine 350 -450

Medieval 400-500 AD

Surrealism 1920-1930
Beginning in the mid-1920s, Surrealist
captured the Modern imagination. In
essence, Surrealism began as a direct
spillover from the Dada movement in art and
culture. The Surrealists wanted to explore
through poetry and prose the psychic
dimension of the human mind. A huge
source of inspiration was the
groundbreaking work of Sigmund Freud.

Continued Surrealism 1920-1930
What is important to understand is that
Surrealism was global, especially as early
Dada/Surrealists like Andre Breton and
Marcel Duchamp traveled the world.
Surrealism occupied artists in diverse
locations, including Europe, the United
States, South America, and Mexico. The
concept that the human mind could
transcend the earthly plane was a central
way to view the “absolute reality” described
by Breton.

Continued Surrealism 1920-1930

By: Andre Breton

Abstract Expressionism 1905-1925
Abstract art is a form of modern and
postmodern art that focuses on the power of
each individual work to express
compositions in a new way.

Abstract Expressionism 1905-1925
Born in 1914 in the Siberian town of Chelyabinsk, abstract
artist Esphyr Slobodkina offers a glimpse of abstract art in the first half of the twentieth century. In Composition
(1940), oil on gessoed masonite, she creates forms using
solid colors, including blue, purple, red, brown, grey, white and black. With simple shapes, the observer sees the
importance of line. The abstract artist might intentionally
use vertical, horizontal, or diagonal lines or simple shapes in a particular pattern to create movement or another visual effect. When shapes are not clearly defined in abstract art, other elements like color and line might become more


Gessoed Masonite

Pop Art 1950-1960
Pop Art stands for everything commercial
and cheap, including an assortment of
capitalist concepts like convenient, plastic,
shallow, superficial, mass-produced,
mechanical, disposable, pulp, sexy,
consumer-focused, fleeting, and impersonal.
When one takes a first look at Pop Art, its
images and sculptures almost look like they
pretend to be art but do not merit serious

continued Pop Art 1950-1960
Andy Warhol (1928-1987) is one of the best-known artists
of Pop Art for “Campbell’s Soup Cans” and celebrity
images transformed into commercial art. He made several
prints using the image of Marilyn Monroe, including
“Twenty-five Colored Marilyns. The fascination with pop
culture focused on American life, but Warhol was not the
only notable artist. The pop culture phenomenon occurred
in the context of bigger social issues such as achieving civil rights and protesting the Vietnam War.

Andy Warhol

Expressionism 1905-1925
Expressionism as an art movement took two
major forms in Europe, including Fauvism
and German Expressionism.

Continued Expressionism 1905-1925
The French movement of Expressionism surfaced in Paris
with the first “event” of twentieth century art. In 1905, Les Fauves, French for “wild beasts,” exhibited their paintings at the Salon d'Automne. These works are described with
words like distorted, anti-naturalistic, intense, vivid, and emotional. The Fauves were French artists. Some of them,
including Matisse, were art students of professor, Gustave
Moreau, at the Ecole des Beaux-Artes.

Gustave Moreau

More Expressionism 1905-1925
Just like Surrealism would soon examine the dark side of
the human mind, the German Expressionists reflected the
influence of psychoanalysis by Sigmund Freud. Art history
traces German Expressionism also to 1906 with the Die
Brucke (The Bridge) exhibition in Dresden. Ernst Ludwig
Kirchner (1880-1938) was the leader of the group and the
author of the manifesto. He wrote, “He who renders his
inner convictions as he knows he must, and does so with
spontaneity and sincerity, is one of us.”...
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