Topics: Animal Farm, Sleep, Animal Pages: 5 (1513 words) Published: April 16, 2014
In a totalitarian society, the ruling class must be able to control their people by any means, so they can remain in power, and bring order to the lives of the citizenry. By controlling their citizens, the government can attain as much labor and resources as needed without revolt or mutiny. Ruthless rulers can relax and command their subjects to meet their wishes while the populace works rigorously and industriously to please them. This authority is portrayed in the novels Animal Farm and Anthem by George Orwell, and Ayn Rand, respectively. In Animal Farm, Napoleon, the self-appointed leader, controls the other animals to do his bidding while living a life of comfort and luxury. The World Council, the government in Anthem, takes authority further by indoctrinating their citizens into working tirelessly with whatever they choose for them and without question. Equality 7-2521 is against this policy, and rebels against them so he can be innovative and different. In both stories, the rulers ensure that they are in complete power by using fear, ignorance, and guilt. This essay will explain these points by using the point-by-point method. Fear is a common negative incentive to keep a society in order and under the whims of their superiors. After Napoleon exiles Snowball from Manor Farm, he deceives the animals into believing that Snowball is a criminal, and not someone to be associated with. Napoleon wants the animals to fear Snowball so they can unify under a common threat. By blaming Snowball for destroying the windmill, stealing produce, and damaging property, Napoleon has an excuse for pushing the animals to work harder, and longer while the animals 0nly agree because of their fear of Snowball. Napoleon also uses public execution to strike fear to the animals to show his superiority and power. When Napoleon sentences many animals to death “there was a pile of corpses lying before Napoleon’s feet and the air was heavy with the smell of blood, which had been unknown there since the expulsion of Jones.” By describing the corpses as a “pile” and the air “heavy with the smell of blood”, it shows that the animals are petrified by Napoleon and his capabilities and avoid any action that can upset him. By showing no mercy, Napoleon sends a last warning to any animals that are assisting Snowball in his crimes, terrifying them into having complete devotion for Napoleon. Similarly, in Anthem the mention of the word “ego” is punishable by public execution. By doing this, citizens cannot learn about the ego, and therefore cannot develop their own different personality. If the populace learns about the ego, they will begin developing their own thoughts that will conflict with the views of the World Council, and question their motives. During one of the public executions, the audience is described as “faces which shrieked and screamed and spat curses upon [the Transgressor].” Using words like “shrieked”, “screamed” shows that the witnesses disgust and despise him. They loathe the Transgressor so much that they even “spat curses” at him. Because the people detest him, it shows how the government convinces their citizens into assuming that it is unacceptable to learn about the ego. Unlike Animal Farm, however, there is a prison to contain unruly citizens until they learn to behave. In Anthem, this prison is called the Palace of Corrective Detention. In the Palace of Corrective Detention, two people simultaneously whip the ill-behaved into submission until the ill-behaved admits to their crime or learns to act properly. With this effective incentive, the populace keep away from any sort of trouble and obey all the laws set up by the World Council. If they have already visited the Palace of Corrective Detention, they learn their place and become more cautious of their actions. By keeping the citizenry ignorant, the ruler can manipulate the citizen’s minds in a way to benefit the ruler’s self. The animals in Animal Farm are ignorant to the...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free