Nigeria Boko Haram as Politicalcrises No Religion Crises

Topics: Democracy, Terrorism, Nigeria Pages: 19 (6584 words) Published: August 31, 2012
NIGERIA BOKO HARAM AS POLITICALCRISES NO RELIGION CRISES

BY

OLAKOJO M.O

olakojothepeace@yahoo.com

Being a paper presented at the Right thinking political forum 23rd July, 2012.

Theme: Socio-Political Conflict what nest in Nigeria

Abstract
Religious violence in Nigeria is a major potential threat to the sustainability of democracy especially under this democratic dispensation. Most of these violence are tied to the imbalances in the amalgamation of different Nigerian peoples by the British colonial masters which later resulted in the division of the country along North/South, Muslim / Christian, Indigene / settler lines, etc. In an attempt to gain the upper hand, different peoples have been set against one another and this has led to series of terrorist attacks across the nation where many lives were lost, other thousands displaced and inestimable properties destroyed. This paper however discusses religious terrorism and survival of democracy in Nigeria- Book Haram Experience. It employs analytical approach as its research method and makes use of written records such as books, journals, magazines and newspapers as sources of its information. The paper concludes by recommending among all that economic problem such as poverty, unemployment, e.t.c among people, most especially in the north be resolved; peaceful, religious dialogue embraced by adherents of different religions; all democratic principles strongly recognized and respected; and our political elites re-orientated not to hide in religious crises to have their political ambitions fulfilled.

Introduction
Nigeria is challenged as never before in providing for the security of her citizens. It should be emphasized that the trend of violence most especially religious ones in Nigeria under this latest democratic dispensation is a paradox, especially when viewed from the fact that democracy is supposed to curb violence in all its ramifications. However, the situations in the country do not conform to this. Factors like poverty, injustice, unemployment, religious fanatism, corruption and inefficient security outfits as well as social and economic dialectics inherent in the country have ensured the growing spate of religious violence. Religious violence has been part of the Nigerian land scope since the “80s, but the spiral of violent conflicts generated by religion in the Fourth Republic has become ferocious and alarming. Beginning from 1999, the country has recorded very bizarre experiences of religious violence (Egwu, 2001). The first was the outbreak of ethno-religious uprising in Sagamu in 1999. The trouble started at about 11.00pm on Saturday when an Hausa women allegedly flouted Oro cult tradition (Alanamu, 2004).The frequency of conflicts leading to violence and extensive destruction of lives and property, especially since the early 1980s in many parts of the country, can without exaggeration, be presented as ethnic, religious or both. However, research finding indicate that underlining most of the ethno-religious conflicts are economic and political crises (Ibrahim, 2002). To corroborate this view, youths launched protests in northern towns and cities after President Good Luck Jonathan, a Christian from the South-South region of Nigeria was declared the winner of the April 16 Presidential election, defeating former military ruler and northern Muslim, Muhammed Buhari. (Tribune, 18th April, 2011). Nigeria is a state under perpetual internal security threat. Threats to human and national security range from the menace of political and electioneering conflicts, socio-economic agitations, ethno-religious crises, ethnic militias, boundary disputes, cultism, criminality and organized crimes (Ilufoye, 2009). These problems individually and collectively constitute threats to the peace, security and development of the country. Invariably they have implications for the continuity and...

References: Adebisi, M.A. (2002). “Ethnic Relations and Politics in Nigeria”. In Igun, U.A. and A.A Mordi, (eds.) Contemporary social problems in Nigeria. Ijebu-Ode: Sebiotimo Publications.
Adeniyi, M.O. (1993). “Religion and politics: A Birds’ Eye view of development in Nigeria.” In Akanmidu, R.A. et.al (eds.) Religion and Politics in Nigeria. Ilorin: Nigeria association for the study of religion (NASR)
Adesupo, P.A
Akinola,O.O.(2006). “Man And His Government” In Ajayi, G.I and Salami, E.F. (Eds.) Topics in Nigeria Social Studies. Ibadan: corporate publication.
Alanamu, S.A. (2004). “Ethno-religious conflict in Nigeria: The Current Trend and its implications’ in African Conflict Profile: Journal of centre for Ethnic and Conflict Studies, University of Port Harcourt, vol. 2, No2, PP51-60.
Ayinla, S.A (2003). An Introduction to Comparative Religios in Nigeria. Ilorin: Ahnour International.
Azeez, A. (2005) “political violence in Nigeria: Implication and options for democratic consolidation” in Ayinla, S.A (ed.). Issues in political violence in Nigeria. Ilorin: Hamson printing communication
Balogun, K
Bello, M.L. (2008). Democratic Succession and Electoral violence in
Nigeria: a critical Appraisal
Boko Haram. Http/www.crisis group. Org/en/ region / Africa / west-Africa Nigeria. Accessed on 13 / 02/ 2012
Cambridge Advance Learners Dictionaries (2008)
Diamond, L. (1992). Globalization of Democracy: Trends, Types, Causes and Prospects. Abuja: centre for democratic studies.
Dogo, Y.G. (2003). “The Morality of Religious Terrorism: the Christian
Perspective” in Apata, C.T
Egwu, S.G. (2001). Ethnic and Religious Violence in Nigeria. Jos: St Stephen Inc. Book House.
Fawole, W.A. (2005). “Voting without choosing: interrogating the crisis of
‘Electoral democracy’ in Nigeria.” Lumumba – kasongo, Tukumbi (Ed)
Federal Republic of Nigeria (1999). Nigerian constitution. Lagos: Federal Government Press.
Ibrahim, A.S. (2002). “Religion and Terrorism”. In Religion Educator Vol.
12, No 2
TELL NO 26, July 4, 2011
Ilufoye, S.O. (2009). Democratic Terrorism and Security Threats in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria Journal of Social Science 20 (1) 31-36.
Kaur, S
Lokoson, W.H. (2012). “Boko Haram: “An existential threat to the Nigerian Nation” Accessed on 06 / 01 / 2012
Mabogunje, A
Magstdt, T.M. (2006). Understanding politics, ideas, institutions, issues. USA: Thomson Higher Education.
Olaleye, W. (2003). Democratic Consolidation and Political Parties in Lesotho, EISA (electoral institute of southern Africa) Occasional Paper No 15.
Okeke, U. (2005).Terrorism and global security in Presidential Advisory Council, Foreign Policy in Nigeria Democratic Transition. Abuja: presidential Advisory Council on International Affairs.
Oloso, K.K. (2004). “The Politics of Religion in Nigeria: the way forward”
In Bello- Imam, I.B
Saward, M. (2003). The term of Democracy. New York: Malden.
Chafe, K.S. (1999). The problematic of African democracy: Experiences from the Political Transition in Nigeria, Africa Zamani special issue on historical heritage and democratization in Africa. New series. 2.
Schedler, A. (2001). Measuring Democratic Consolidation. Studies in
Comparative International Development, spring, vol.
Tribune, April 18, 2011
Zartman, I
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Boko Haram Essay
  • Causes, Effects and Solution to Boko-Haram and Kidnapping in Nigeria Research Paper
  • Essay on Boko Haram
  • Essay on Boko Haram in Nigeria
  • Effect of Boko Harams in Nigeria Essay
  • Essay about Boko Haram
  • Boko Haram Essay
  • HOW BOKO HARAM DEVELOPED AND UNDER DEVELOPED NIGERIA. Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free