Nigeria

Topics: Nigeria, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Igbo people Pages: 5 (1269 words) Published: December 9, 2013
http://peoplesdailyng.com/changing-nigerians-identity-diaspora/

http://olorisupergal.com/nigeria-rich-country-poor-people-by-gbenga-ogunbiyi/#.UpH2I9Lik8o

Nigeria is a member of both the Commonwealth of Nations, and the African Union.

LANGUAGE
There are hundreds of languages spoken in Nigeria. The official language of Nigeria,English The languages spoken in Nigeria are said to be 521. The official language is English while the major ones that are spoken are Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba and Fulfulde We were colonized by the British, obtaining our independence on October 1, 1960.  English was taught in the schools as the official language so that Nigerians could communicate better with England and other world powers. Early in Nigeria's history, English was introduced through trading and the slave trade market. Those that spoke English were Nigerians who were looking for a better way of life.

Religious
: Overall statistics indicate that about 50% of the population are Muslims. About 40% are Christian and about 10% practice traditional African religions or no religion at all. 

Religions in Nigeria (CIA)[101][102]
Religions

Percent

Islam
  
50.0%
Christianity
  
40.0%
Traditional beliefs
  
10.0%

Population
170,123,740

There are actually three categories of Nigerians in the Diaspora. We have the Diaspora “Alumni”, who have lived abroad for several years, attained definite heights in their professional or academic pursuits and chosen to return to Nigeria. They are never fully divested of the vestiges of ‘abroad’. On the other side of the palisade are the “Substantive” Nigerians in Diaspora, the mainstream Nigerians in Diaspora who live and work abroad, speak all the refined ‘oyinbo’ phonetics, almost lost their dialectical accent, and come home for occasional funerals, marriage of some distant relations they haven’t seen for 35 years and for Christmas every other leap year! Their children hardly speak a word of their Nigerian dialect. Straddled delicately on the picket, are the “Passive” Diaspora Nigerians who have chosen to combine the better of two worlds, straddled across the aisle, and who “eat their cake and have it,” as it were. They have homes in Nigeria and abroad, live a few months in the homeland, a few in the ‘hostland’, maintain family abroad, retain business interests in Nigeria and sustain corporate and family presence across the aisle.

How did we get to this point? A cursory analysis is helpful here, of the hypothesis of emigration, nicely dubbed “Brain Drain” to have a better perspective of why Nigerians “check out” like Andrew! Is it because of bad Government? Not at all. Is it because the economy is so bad? Not particularly. Is it because of family pressure? Nay. Is it because there is no job after graduation from College? Nope. These are social factors not peculiar to Nigeria. Thus, it is self-defeating to summarily blame the government, blame the economy, the healthcare system, and the educational system as the reasons why Nigerians sojourn to other countries. No, we are not ignoring the fact that several sectors of the economy are in bad shape

The concept of Nigerian identity is nebulous to define. A strong national identity builds a sense of belonging. Basically, ‘identity’ is an individual’s or a group’s sense of self over time. The Nigerian identity is therefore a composite concept that has multiple components such as economic status, cultural customs, political institutions and religious tenets. Nigerian National identity is not something the government invents. It is more a feeling than an opinion and not a policy statement. Identities grow from the things people feel proud about, and if enough Nigerians agree on them for long enough, identity is formed regardless of multiculturalism. External Nigerian identity is how Nigeria presents itself to other peoples and countries. A strong external identity helps us to have a strong diplomatic presence...
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