Nepal

Topics: Health care, Health care provider, Central Intelligence Agency Pages: 2 (469 words) Published: September 24, 2013
Nepal is a landlocked country in South Asia, between China and India. Although strategically placed between two large well-known countries, Nepal happens to be one of the poorest countries in the world. There are over 29 million people inhabiting the country today, and one third of which live under the poverty line. Nepal has a GDP per capita of 1,200 dollars. The mainstay of the economy is agriculture, and their main import and export partners are China and India. The Nepali government is categorized as a federal democratic republic (CIA World Factbook). At this point in time, the country is currently unstable. There was a civil war for ten years, from 1996 to 2006. Nepal is still recovering, and occasionally has to deal with the Maoist rebels who try to overthrow the government (BBC News: Nepal Leaders). Additionally, the literacy rate is 63%, and Nepalese people go to school for about 9 years throughout their lifetime. On average, a Nepalese person is said to live about 67 years, ranking Nepal’s life expectancy rate in the bottom lower half division compared to the rest of the world (CIA World Factbook).

Currently, health care in Nepal is disastrous. There are numerous abandoned health facilities and multiple mistakes when it comes to administering medicine to patients (New Report Sheds Light on Nepal’s Health Worker Crisis). There is also a severe HIV/AIDS problem, with the result of at least 4,700 related deaths every year (CIA World Factbook). In addition, there are many more common diseases including malaria, cholera, leprosy, and tuberculosis. In fact, it is estimated that nearly 20 million of Nepal’s people are at risk of developing malaria (Nepal). Malnutrition is also a huge problem, and can be more deadly when mixed with Nepal’s horrible sanitation and hygiene (Bailey). The shortage of health workers is the main cause for this issue. There are only about 3 public health workers per 10,000 people in Nepal, and very few are properly trained. Because...
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