Carlyle S. Riche Jr.
March 10th 2010
The Observation of Global Deception: A Persuasive Essay on Lauryn Hill’s “Motives and Thoughts”
Edward George Bulwer-Lytton once said, “When the world has got hold of a lie, it is astonishing how hard it is to kill it. You can beat it over the head, till it seems to have given up the ghost and behold! The next day it is as healthy as ever” (53). Lauryn Hill, an astounding singer, actress, musician and above all artist, who has produced many brilliant and masterful works of art in her career. From writing songs to appearing in American films but her poetic strength has projected the farthest, Hill’s poems speak to many, striking nerves and emotions never known to have existed. Her poem titled, “Motives and Thoughts” says a lot about the status of the world today, originating back to the times of the Ancient Egyptian. Hill speaks about how the world has been bogged down by trickery and false vision and also how God is in the fight to correct the mistaken perceptions of society. Hill successfully delves into the idea of deception through the concepts of lies, fallacy, and the obstruction of truth.
Psychoanalytic Theory can profitably be applied to Hill’s “Motives and Thoughts” primarily because it supports the author’s idea behind how and why we have been lied to with society’s “social delusion” and “negative imagery” (lines 2 &3). The article by David Romer titled, “Misconceptions and Political Outcomes,” effectively argues the idea of deception. This article is centered around the fact that many political decisions that have been made have had negative effects on a nation’s or an individual’s welfare, causally making these propositions and concepts brought forth by politicians and other leaders; deceiving, illegitimate and unnecessary. Many believe that everything happens for a reason furthermore, everything that has occurred and everything that we have been told is the legitimate truth. Ralph Walker’s article titled, “Sufficient Reason,” speaks about how everything in the world would not be inexistence, if it were not indeed true, “Nothing is without a reason, and nothing takes place without a sufficient reason, that is, nothing happens without its being possible, for someone who knew enough about things to give a reason which would suffice to determine why it is thus and not otherwise.” (210)
Lies are a key part of the message that the persona is projecting in this work. The author has, through many references to the current state of society, explained how we have been led to delusionary
perceptions of the world. What we have been told in early stories as a child has created a condition that is corrupt and centered on lies. This poem acts as a list to its readers, describing how we have been negatively evolved into what we are today because of these lies, “Human condition, Morals corrupted. Trapped in reaction, Lawlessness war.” (lines 4 & 5) This passage states that we have all been lied to, and pushed to believe what other want us to believe and live our lives by this way. Our current condition is morally corrupt; we are only acting consciously off of the reactions to these lies. The idea of lies affecting our daily lives has been acknowledged by many, “the possibility that strategic interactions among individuals with divergent interest or preferences can give rise to undesirable political outcomes.” (Romer 1) This difference in opinion has undoubtedly created adverse outcomes for humanity, from the World Wars to the current conflicts of today. These differences of opinions or lies have been the spark to the negative fire that has been known for centuries. Hill asserts that we have been led to believe certain things about the world today and that when these lies are picked up and carried on we are farther more doomed. “When the Blind lead the Blind, Just more trouble and woes”( lines 16 &...
Cited: Romer, David. “Misconceptions and Political Outcomes.” Economic Journals, Royal Economic Society, vol. 113(484), pages 1-20, January 2003
Walker, Ralph. “Sufficient Reasons” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, New Series, Vol. 97, (1997), pp. 109-123
"Fallacy" Dictionary and Thesaurus - Merriam-Webster. Web. 10 Mar. 2010. .
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