Mongol Influence in Russia

Good Essays
Due to Mongol influence, Russia existed in isolation, however, tsars such as Peter and

Catherine the Great tried various things in an effort to westernize the isolated territory. By late

17th century, Russia experienced a great internal change. Peter and his successors used

westernization to bolster Russia's expansionist empire. Westernization had a great impact on

Russia and its development. Prior to Peter's attempt for westernization, he and his predecessors extended tsarist

policies of control and the expansion of Russian territory. Since the incursion of the Mongols,

Russia never recovered from the impact of isolation. As time went on, Russia gradually began to

recover. Under Ivan III, (Ivan the Great,) Russia succeeded Byzantium or "third Rome." Ivan the

IV, (Ivan the Terrible,) placed great emphasis on controlling the tsarist autocracy, killing many

boyars who suspected conspiracy. Expansion continued, offering tsars a new way to reward

nobles (boyars) and bureaucrats by giving them estates in new territories. This practice provided

new agricultural areas and sources of labor; Russia used slaves for certain kinds of production

work in the 18th century. Along with expansion and enforcement of tsarist primacy, the early tsars

added another element to their overall approach; carefully managed contacts with the western

Europe. The tsars realized that Russia's cultural and economic subordination to the Mongols had

put them at a commercial and cultural disadvantage.

By the end of the 17th century, Russia had become one of the great land empires, but it

remained unusually agricultural by the standards of the West and the great Asian civilizations.

Come the reign of Peter I, he built many new framework. He added a more definite interest in

changing selected aspects of Russian economy and culture by imitating Western forms. Overall,

Peter concentrated on improvements in political

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