27.1 Russian Industrialization
1. Describe Russian society between 18151860.
After the failed invasion of Napoleon into Russia, Russian officials considered new tactics of defending the country. One of their ideas was to isolate the country once again as they had been after the Mongol invasions. This did not happen, but instead Russia began to contribute more and more to the culture of Europe. For example, Pushkin wrote in a romantic style, and came from Russia. Even though there was this new growth of culture in Russia, there were still strict limitations on what people could write or say, especially in a liberal manner, which in turn led to the Decemberist uprising. This led to a more conservative output of art and literature that came out of Russia.
2. What was the “peasant problem” in Russia?
The peasant problem for the Russian government was one that had humanitarian and economic reasons for it; The Western European countries had sought out that slavery as well as serfdom was inhumane and was abolished in the late 18th century. But the real question for the Russians was whether or not they could grow their economic gains while they abolished slavery.
3. Why did the Russians emancipate (free) their serfs and what were the results? The Russians freed the serfs in order to uniquely westernize their culture because of the disputes and abolishing of serfdom and slavery in other countries. The Serfs attained some of the land that they worked on when they were freed. But now they were free, the political power of the wealthy was at stake. So the tsar gave theses serfs no political power when they were freed. This created a larger system of agriculture of Russia, but did not spur the farming revolution that they were looking for.
4. What reforms did Alexander II attempt? What were the results? He attempted to train the peasants to become soldiers for Russia. ...
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