Models of Stress- Psychology Essay

Topics: Immune system / Pages: 8 (1955 words) / Published: Feb 25th, 2013
Catherine McAuley
School of Nursing and Midwifery
Brookfield Health Sciences Complex
University College Cork

AP1042 Developmental Psychology for Health Care
Discuss two Models of Stress, and discuss the impact of stress on Adult Health.
Lecturer : Anna O’ Reilly Trace

Aisling Cronin
111378316

Submitted as part fulfilment of the requirement for Developmental Psychology for Healthcare
4th of January 2012

Catherine McAuley
School of Nursing and Midwifery
Brookfield Health Sciences Complex
University College Cork

Discuss two Models of Stress, and discuss the impact of stress on Adult health.

Aisling Cronin
111378316

I declare that the content of this assignment is all my own work. Where the work of others has been used to augment my assignment it has been referenced accordingly.
Signed ________________________ Date ______________
Word count: 1650

Table of Contents

Page

Introduction 4

General Adaptation Syndrome Model (GAS) 5

Criticisms of the General Adaptation Syndrome Model 6

Life Events Model 7

Criticisms of the Life Events Model 8

The impact of stress on Adult health 9

Conclusion 10

References 11

Introduction

“Stress can refer to the internal state of the individual, an external event, or the interaction between a person and his or her environment.” (McNamara, 2000, p.4). Stress is a difficult concept to define, because it means different things to people (Rana et al, 2009). Many people consider Christmas stressful, due to the huge amount of cooking to be done, whereas others enjoy it. In this essay I will focus on two models of stress. The first model I will discuss is the general adaptation syndrome (GAS). The GAS was one of the first models of stress to be identified by Selye in 1956, and refers to how the body reacts when it encounters stress .The next model of stress I will discuss is the life events model which refers to



References: * Ice, G. & James, G. (2006) Measuring Stress in Humans: A Practical Guide for the Field. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. * Jones, F. & Bright, J. (2001) Stress: myth, theory and research. Essex: Pearson Education. * Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984) Stress, Appraisal, and Coping. New York: Springer. * Masuda, M & T.H., Holmes (1978) Life Events: Perceptions and Frequencies. Journal of Biobehavioral Medicine 40(3), 236-261. * McNamara, S. (2000) Stress in young people. London: Continuum. * Rana, D. & Upton, D. (2009) Psychology for Nurses. Essex: Pearson Education * Seyle, H. (1950) Stress and the General Adaptation Syndrome. British Medical Journal 1(4667), 1383-1392. * Upton, D. (2010) Introducing psychology for nurses and healthcare professionals. Essex: Pearson Education * Walker, J., Payne, S., Smith, P. & Jarrett, N. (2007) Psychology for nurses and the caring professions. Berkshire: McGraw-Hill Education.

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