1st Semester Exam Review Questions English 4
SELECTIONS FOR TESTING
2. “Sir Gawain and the Green Knight”
3. Canterbury Tales “Prologue”
4. “The Pardoner’s Tale” from CT
6. Elements of Style
Terms (know by definition, characteristics or example). 1.
Kenning: two-word poetic renamings of people, places, and things such as the kenning whales’ home for the sea ex from Beowulf: “I have come so far, / Oh shelterer of warriors and your people’s loved friend, / That this one favor you should not refuse me.” 2.
Alliteration: the repitition of initial consonant sounds in accented syllables ex from Beowulf: “up from his swamland, sliding silently” 3.
Assonance: the repitition of vowel sounds in unrhymed, stressed syllables Ex: “batter these ramparts”
rhythmic breaks in the middle of lines. Where the reciter could pause for breath 5.
ex: the original telling of Beowulf was in the Old English language, spoken by the Anglo-Saxons during the years 500-1100 6.
ex: Cantebury Tales
larger-than-life character who tries to restore balance to the world 9.
epic: a long, narrative poem that celebrates the deeds of a heroic figure ex: Beowulf
pair of rhyming lines with 5 stressed syllables each
indirect characterization: uses actions, thoughts, and dialogue to reveal a character’s personality ex: He was not gaily dressed.
ex2: Children were afraid when he appeared.
direct characterization: presents direct statements about a chatacter, such as Chaucer’s statement that the Knight “followed chivalry, / Truth, honor…” ex1: He was an honest worker, good and true
pilgrimage: long journey to a shrine or holy place asking for atonement 14.
medieval romance: narratives featuring adventure, love, the supernatural, and ideals of chivalry. are adventure stories that feature kings, knights, and damsels in distress and tell of quests, battles, and doomed love 15.
supernatural elements: pertains of being above or beyond what is natural; unexplainable by natural law or phenomena. Ex: Gawain beheads GK, but he still lives
chivalry: honor code
quatrain: 4 line stanzas
tone: is the attitude a writer takes towards a subject or character: serious, humorous, sarcastic, ironic, satirical, tongue-in-cheek, solemn, objective ex: The tone set by the mayor, made the city a very tense and angry place to live and work. 19.
legend: anonymous traditional stories about the past
Heroic figures and memorable deeds
Quests, contests, or tests
Patterned events (for instance, events reapeated three times) 20.
exemplum: an acecdote or brief story (latin for “example”) ex: The Pardoner’s Tale exemplum against the sin of greed
ex from The Pardoner’s Tale: The Pardoner preaches about not to be greedy yet he is greedy ex2: The 3 greedy men all end up dying, and no one ends up with the money 22.
personification: giving inanimate objects human characteristics 23.
archetypal narrative elements: basic storytelling patterns found in folk literature around the world Element
Example from Pardoner’s Tales
characters, events and other things that come in threes
The 3 rioters all plot to kill each other for money and they all end up dying a test of characters’ moral fiber leading to their destiny
Tempted by money a mysterious guide who helps point the way
The old man warns the rioters about death beneath the tree a just ending that rewards good and punishes evil
The rioters die
ex:Let me not to the marriage of true minds
Admit impediments. Love is not love
iambic pentameter: 5 stressed, 5 unstressed syllables
ex: I am a pirate with a wooden leg
sonnet: (Italian for “little song”) 14 line poem, 10 syllables per line; iambic pentameter 5 groups with 2 syllables
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