A Written Sketch of Mini Lesson Plan
(APA) Title: A Mini Lesson Plan on Figures of Speech
Second language acquisition occurs unconsciously through important interactions by a natural conversation in the society. One is said to have acquired second language when he or she speaks a different language apart from one’s mother tongue. As a result of differences in cognitive development in specific individuals, people acquire and learn the second language at various speeds and transfer the concepts learned from the first language to the second languageacquisition. The following is a lesson plan designed to show how teaching can be conducted to learner acquiring the second language.
in this topic
English Grammar in Use (Parts of Speech)
Outcomes: during this lesson, students will:
List the parts of speech in English, explain the sub-categories of these parts of speech, use them correctly as examples in sentences
Resources/ Prior Organisation:
Meaning of parts of speech in English: ‘parts of speech’ refers to the basic components of a syntactically correct sentence in English. The main components are Nouns and verbs
Students will give their own definitions of these parts as the teacher assesses their authenticity. The teacher then will give the best definition as students write them down.
The teacher to use questioning method at first.
The students explain any prior knowledge they have.
Textbooks, exercise books, charts to represent the categories. Development
The teacher will start by defining the parts of speech as well as giving as many examples as possible. Students to take notes and also given time to put up what they know of the topic, but with modifications from the teacher. Step 1: definition of the components.
Nouns are words that are used to name a person, a place, a thing or an idea. Through noun and noun phrases, grammar organizes the way we refer to objects. Verbs are words that describe an event or a state of being. ‘Event’ words express happenings while ‘state’ words express state of occurrence. Categories of Nouns
Nouns are put into four major categories; common nouns, proper nouns, concrete nouns and abstract nouns. Common nouns are nouns that referto the general and not particular names of persons, place, thing or an idea. Examples of common nouns are a man, a book, upcountry and a house. Examples in a sentence;
That book is mine.
My mother went upcountry for her holiday.
Proper nouns are names of particular persons, places, a thing or an idea. Examples of proper nouns are Henry, Washington and Christianity. Examples in sentences:
Henry is my cousin.
He left for Washington yesterday.
Concrete nouns are nouns that name objects that occupy a space and can be recognized by at least one of the six senses of humans. Examples of concrete nouns are wood, butter and bread table. Abstract nouns refer to quality, event, feeling, characteristics and idea. Examples of abstract nouns are beauty, wisdom, love health and happiness among others. Verbs and their categorization
Verbs can be used to express time, tense and aspect. Verbs are categorized according to the tense that they depict. These tenses are present tense, past tense and future aspect of time. In present tense, actions the speaker is referring to relates to the time when the speaker is speaking. Examples of sentences in present tense are ;
I am hungry
The students are in class.
We are taking lunch now.
In past tense the speaker’s action relate to the time...
References: Cortazzi, M &Jin, L. (1998). "The culture the learner brings: A bridge or a barrier? Language learning in intercultural perspective: Approaches through drama and ethnography. England: Cambridge University Press.
Joachim, G., C.(2005). “Reflection on Concepts of English for Europe: British English, American English, Euro-English, Global English", Journal for EuroLinguistic, 2, 44-64.
Barry, T. (1998)."Providing Support or Denying Access? The experiences of students designated as ‘ESL’ and ‘SN’ in a multi‐ethnic secondary school". University of Warwick.
Charles, O., K. (2005).The System of Basic English, New York: Harcourt, Brace & Co.
Sylviane,Meunier, Fanny & Granger.(2008). "Phraseology in foreign language learning and teaching", Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Lin, G., L.&Larke, P., J. (2007).English Education in TexasUSA. Retrieved from,
Thornbury, S. &Meddings, L. (2009).Teaching Unplugged: Dogme in English Language Teaching.Peaslake: Delta
Brandt, C. (2006). Success on your certificate course in English language teaching: A guide to becoming a teacher in ELT/TESOL. London: Sage.
Griffith, S. Teaching English Abroad. Oxford:Vacation Work Press.
Brown, D., H. (2006). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching.5ed.London: Pearson ESL.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document