"Second Language" Essays and Research Papers

Second Language

for people learning a new language. English is not my first language, it is my third, and I have spent a lot of time and effort to going through these steps. As an individual learning a new language, I can definitely say it is hard. Believe me, there is no way that a person can learn to run before he learns how to walk; the same applies to learning a new language like English. One of my English teachers from De Anza College said, “English is one of the hardest languages in the world, so you guys...

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Second Language Acquisition

 Second Language Acquisition Theories Jessica Bogunovich November 10, 2014 Second Language Acquisition Theories According to the United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (2014), there are approximately 4.4 million English language learners (ELL) in American public schools. This is a little over nine percent of the student population. In some states, such as California and Texas, this percentage is much higher. California currently has an ELL...

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theories of second language acquisitionn

THEORIES OF SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION Taxonimies, hypotheses and models I believe everybody creates their own way to learn. Nobody thinks the same and just the brain of everybody works different. A teacher can’t ask a student to learn a whole book by the next day, but he can ask the students to read it in a certain period of time, because everything takes time, and depending on how everybody’s brain works, the students will know how to create a process to finish that book. Nobody can tell...

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English Language and African native language

Language is a great power which forms a huge part of people culture and identity, it's also enabling them to express themselves and keep their history. In colonized regions the issue of colonial and native language became the subject of discussion between critics. In relation Chinua Achebe "The African writer and the English Language" and Ngugi Wa Thiong'o "The Language of the African Literature" essays; I will discuss what do these two writers have in common and in what way they are different. ...

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Second Language Acquisition

Second Language Acquisition Assignment: The subject assignment consists of answering this question:  According to Swain,  ... producing the target language may be the trigger that forces the learner to pay attention to the means of expression needed in order to successfully convey his or her  own  intended  meaning.  (Swain 1985: 249)  In Swain's view, learners need not only input, but output: they need to use language in order to learn it.  Krashen, however, as recently as 2009, stated that:  ...

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First and Second Language

MC Research Methodology A comparison between first and second language acquisition theories Primarily, I would like to mention some differences between the first and the second language acquisition based on Vivian Cook’s online paper. First, the tongue mother or first language is acquired during our childhood; when our ability to learn is unlimited. On the other hand, second language is acquired either when we are teenagers or adults. Then, we can say that our brains have changed along the...

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First Language vs Second Language

1. Differences between First Language and Second Language | First Language | Second Language | Definition | any language other than English that a child was exposed to during early development and continues to be exposed to in the home or community | any language learned after the first language or mother tongue | Basis for learning | universal grammar alone | knowledge of the first language also serves as a basis for learning the second language | Learning Process | children spend...

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Intercultural Marriage

conflicts could occur between the couple. The second obstacle that an intercultural marriage couple might encounter is communication. Communication is an essential part in every relationship. Due to the fact that an intercultural marriage couple speaks different mother language, lack of language is the first problem to exist in their lives. In this case, husband and wife normally will choose to a speak well-known language, English. Speaking a second language is troublesome; we aren't able to express...

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Theory of Second Language Acquisition

Theory Of Second Language Acquisition English Language Essay ukessays.com /essays/english-language/theory-of-second-language-acquisition-english-languageessay.php Second Language Acquisition (SLA) is a critical issue to both teachers and learners of a second language equally. Thus, teaching and learning a second language has always been of a highly important matter for linguistics who always seek language learning solutions to facilitate instructors' job and answer educational enquires .Fillmore...

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Theories of first and second language acquisition

 Theories of First and Second Language Acquisition There are various theories that have been put forward to describe first and second language acquisition. This paper outlines similarities and difference between first and second language acquisition. Additionally key theoretical points on second language acquisition have been identified. Finally, an explanation of how I intend to use my understanding of language acquisition theory to inform my teaching practice will also be included...

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Ell Families and Schools-Lre

Over the last century educators throughout America have asserted that speaking two languages put children at a disadvantage for successfully integrating into life in the USA. Recent research tells us that this is not so, and that culturally responsive teaching may enhance the educational outcome (Gollnick and Chin, 2005). Five pieces of information most valuable to my future teaching are: ...

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Second Language Learning

Intricate process of second language learning with reference to Yorio’s classification of learned variables (1976) with a interview of Non English Speaking Background (NESB) student who has recently completed an ESL course will be presented in this paper. We will start our analysis with a detailed personal background of the student, in order to see the influence of important factors of from different areas in relation to Yorio’s Taxonomy. Analysis is going to be constructed on the some important...

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Assessing for Learning and Fostering emergent/Early Literacy

retelling is free from probes and questions and enables the child to utilize their ability to construct meaning from the text. Bernhardt, (1983) states that, “Oral retellings are strongly recommended as a way to measure reading comprehension for second language learners. He further states that, sing oral retellings in text recall assessment “ circumvent the pitfalls of traditional test design, and at the same time, focuses on the communication between the text and the reader” ( as cited in Subweeks,...

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Highschool Life

was Spanish. Spanish is a language that is used widely over the world. It is United States second language and is spoken fluently by 400 million people over the world. It is the language that my uncle speaks fluently and my choice of language to graduate from high school. In high school you are required to take two years of a foreign language to graduate; this is because we are told that it helps build our communication and writing skills. Learning a new language helps you form new words and try...

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A Different History by Sujata Bhatt - Analysis

with its beliefs and acquisition of foreign or strange language. Bhatt invites the readers and takes them through the culture of India and its religious beliefs that every life respects them there. There is enough vocabulary to understand this in the poem. She also expresses her bitterness and strong emotions towards the struggle and torture borne by the people ‘here’ in the past. She wonders and ponders on the issues of ‘tongue’ and ‘language’ She shows her amazement and expresses her inability...

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Teaching Reading Strategies

understood even though there are structures that the students have never seen before. Hedge (2000:192) explains that in processing texts, the second language readers will find difficulties when they find unfamiliar aspects of English language. .In this case, it is often difficult to prove, for the students of English as a foreign language, that texts in English can be understood even though there are structures that the students have never seen before. Another major...

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International Student Identity

organised as follows; First of all, introduction will explain an overview of it. This is followed by describing the theory of identity. The next section is about discussion of identity by using culture and language focuses. Furthermore, writer will explain the impact of new culture and language to international student’s current and future experience. Finally, a conslusion paragraph will be the final section of the essay. What is Identity? In last three decades, the theory of identity evolves...

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Second Language and Bilingualism

Outline Thesis: besides the advantage of improving and making communication easier, being able to speak two languages has other great benefits such as the fact that it stimulates intellectual growth, changes come more easily and there are more job opportunities. However, although there are many benefits, there are some that criticize bilingualism and state that it causes language delays and confusion, and other problems. I. Definition of bilingualism II. Benefits of bilingualism ...

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Unit 1 Worksheet

provide guidance. When this is done in a professional matter, it not only increase students’ confidence in the instructor and will motivate their learning desire. 2. Model – To many students, ESL teacher is often their only source to the English language; therefore, a teacher’s role is to provide knowledge on grammar, vocabulary, word choice, sentence structure, culture, etc. Students look up to their instructor for guidance and learn from his/her behavior. It is essential for a teacher to present...

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Mother Tongue

“Mother Tongue” In the essay, “Mother Tongue,” Amy Tan informs the reader of the language barrier matters that she underwent as an Asian American. Various individuals are looked down upon because of their poor english language skills. Tan shared the experience of limitation, intimation, and the family talk that she had in her life. She feels bad for having a limitations, because she was Asian-American. Her mother speaks broken...

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Learning a Second Language

Learning a Second Language Acquiring a second language is a goal many adults set for themselves. Students have the ability to take foreign language courses early on in their education, but not many adults who attended school years ago had that option. The level of ease or difficulty in learning a second language is dependent on the stage of brain development and the style of learning. There are different options for learning a second language, and it can be most effective at a young age...

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with other countries. To communicate with other countries need a common language. English has become the most popular language and binds people. * Language is an important part of human life + Language shows the development of human. + Through language human can communicate, exchange information and convey experiences. + show feeling and save information + help to develop mind * English is the most common language in the world. + many countries use English as their mother tongue. ...

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Bilingual Education

information is presented to the student in two or more languages. By broadening a student’s scope to two or more languages, students hold an advantage when entering the professional world. The professional world is where work gets serious and adults have to face the real world problems. Essentially, in the 21st century adults cannot get by at work with just one language. For example, even employees of local ninety-nine cents stores are familiar with two languages such as Spanish and English. If bilingual education...

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Advantages & Disadvantages of Living Abroad

however, moving abroad can give you that fresh start you might be craving. Language * It is very difficult to live on a day-to-day basis where your communication skills are limited by a language that is foreign to you. If you are moving to a country where your first language is not their first language (or not spoken at all), you will want to start learning the native language right away. Even if you share a common language with your new country, you may be surprised at the confusion you may still...

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Impact of Second Language Acquisition

Impact of Second Language Acquisition and Bilingualism on Language Development Chelsey Mason ECE 315: Language Development in Early Childhood Prof. Kathleen Kelley July 28, 2011 Impact of Second Language Acquisition and Bilingualism on Language Development There is nothing more remarkable than the emergence of language in children. As adults, we find it difficult to understand children on their journey to learn a language. We overlook the facts that we are not born speaking properly and...

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since learning a foreign language like English can be benefit for children at an early age. Since we live in a global, rapidly changing world, and in a multicultural society. Understanding other cultures enhances tolerance among people. It is highly recommended for children to start learning a new language like English common language in the world at an early age because the longer they contact with a new language lead to the higher levels of proficiencies in that language they can develop. ...

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Trident MGT501 Module1 Session Long Pro

ability to read, write, speak, and understand a foreign language. When someone goes to a foreign country or deals with a foreign national and is able to speak their native, language they are generally more receptive of the individual. This shows that you have a general knowledge of their culture and know their customs and courtesies. In some cases, the host nation knows the English language. Therefore if someone tries to speak their language but having difficulty, they will let them know that they...

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The Example of Questionnaire

| | | | | | | | | | | | | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6. What language do you prefer in movie with foreign language? (English include) a. English subtitle b. Bahasa subtitle c. Original language subtitle d. No subtitle but English dubbing e. No subtitle but Bahasa or original dubbing 7. The most reason of choosing english subtitle more than other subtitle (Bahasa or other language) a. Improving English b. Understandable c. More interesting d...

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English as a Second Language

"English as a Second Language" What is an ESL Learner?English as a Second Language* students are those whose primary language(s) of the home is/are other than English, and who therefore require additional services in order to develop their individual potential within British Columbia’s school system. Some students speak variations of English that differ significantly from the English used in broader Canadian Society and in school.* In some literature, this is referred to as English...

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Search for my Tongue and Half-Caste

In the poems “Search for my Tongue” by Sujata Bhatt and “Half Caste” by John Agard, there are a variety of language features used such as personification, metaphors and repetition, which personally made descriptions in the poem more vivid. These techniques aided in making these poems more powerful and helped to effectively convey the messages that our identities are engraved in us and that we need to reconsider using the derogatory term ‘half-caste’ as it identifies people as ‘half’ people. Sujata...

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Bilingualism: Second Language

Diversity In this country the English language rules the land. Although English hasn’t exactly always been the official language of America, it is now. In the early period of our country America was basically a melting pot for cultures, languages, religion etc. Things have very much changed since then. English may be the dominant, but millions of Americans speak more than just English at home. Bilingualism is all around us; in a country that is dominated by English I think bilingualism would strengthen...

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Language Anxiety: “Negative Emotional Reaction When Learning a Second Language”

Language anxiety: “Negative emotional reaction when learning a second language” Learning and teaching a language can be considered by many as a very challenging and demanding task due to what the process itself implies. Could you imagine how each language learner feels when he/ she is asked to perform an activity or just to speak in front of the class? Some of them will feel very comfortable but what about those whose hearts often pound really hard, break out in a cold sweat and find it difficult...

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Learning English as a Second Language

English is an international language which is used officially all around the world. Anybody who wants to make connections with the world we live in should learn English. I had English language classes in my secondary and high school years. I also took some private English learning courses throughout summers in my country, Turkey. However, I could not improve my English effectively as all Turkish students in Turkey. I fully agree that English will be learned most efficiently in the boundaries of an...

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Factors Influencing the Second Language Acquisition

Factors influencing the learning of a second/foreign language Some students learn a new language quickly and easily than others. This simple fact reflects the hard work and persistence of the learner. However there are other crucial factors influencing the success that are totally beyond the control of the learner. These factors can be categorized as: 1. Age: second language acquisition is influenced by the age of the learner. Many studies have found that adolescents learn more rapidly than...

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Second Language Acquisition

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1. Background of the Study There are three popular theory perspectives toward second language learning, behaviorism, nativism and interactionism. The theory of behaviorist has received some research interest due to the relation between behavior and second language learning Traditional behaviorists believed that language learning is the result of imitation, practice, feedback on success, and habit formation.. The methodological and conceptual...

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The Importance of Language Acquisition During EC

related to their more abstract phonological knowledge later on.” There should not be an age restriction or recommendation at which children should be introduced to literacy. From the time a child is born (and debatably before) they are working towards language acquisition; from “babbling” as a baby to mimicking words they hear as a toddler, they are ultimately working towards the same goal, the ability to communicate effectively. The introduction of literacy into the child’s life will assist in the child...

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Age and Second Language Acquisition

Age and second language acquisition For over sixty years scientists and linguists have been doing the researches about the second language acquisition and bilingualism among children. It has been discovered that second language acquisition is a parallel of the first language acquisition but also there are a lot of differences. At the beginning it must be said what the bilingualism and second language acquisition are. SLA (Second Language Acquisition) refers to the process by which people learn...

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Reading Theories

Reading theories Of the two approaches mentioned in reading research and literature, the bottom-up approach focuses on language elements such as grammar, vocabulary and cohesion, while the top-down approach includes a focus on background knowledge about content and organization, generally referred to as content and formal schemata respectively. A combination of these two approaches is generally known as the Interactive Model of Reading. The pedagogy in this study was based on the Schema Interactive...

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Second Language

Benefits of Learning a Second Language Nowadays, more and more people choose to learn a second language. The reason why many people are learning a second language is that there are many benefits to study a second language. In short, learning a second language has many advantages, like getting a good job, learning the culture of other countries and keeping good health. In fact, learning a second language is more likely to get a good job than others. First of all, as the economy becomes more and...

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Second Language Acquisition

According to Swain, ...producing the target language may be the trigger that forces the learner to pay attention to the means of expression needed in order to successfully convey his or her own intended meaning. (Swain 1985: 249) In Swain's view, learners need not only input, but output: they need to use language in order to learn it. Krashen, however, as recently as 2009, stated that: Research done over the last three decades has shown that we acquire language by understanding what we hear and read...

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Linguistics and Second Language Teaching

that could affect the availability of second language learners in acquiring the L2. I only partially agree with the statement that L1 should not be allowed in the ESL classroom due to a certain factors. Factors such as the schools’ locations, the learners’ cognitive and affective factors and the exposure towards the English-based multimedia play a very huge and crucial role in helping the second language learners to immerse themselves fully in the English language environment. First and foremost,...

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Literacy Development

Literacy Developme September 11, 2013 Developmental Curriculum Paper Children language development is a very critical factor in the success of language acquisition of young children. In this paper, I will discuss the age of the children and their developmental level, the plans and methods used in enabling children language acquisition, the Cognitive Perspective Theory that this paper constructed on, the curriculum subject to help with incorporating...

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Critically evaluate Gardner and Lambert’s theory of instrumental and integrative motivation as a key influencing factor in Second Language Acquisition

influencing factor in Second Language Acquisition During the process of studying second language, Gardner and Lambert’s theory about instrumental and integrative motivation has a significant impact on different learners. As Falk (2000; cited in Norris-Holt, 2001) states that if learners aim to develop relationship with foreign friends or comprehend lyrics in popular song, which means that these learners are vastly encouraged by integrative motivation for learning second language. In addition, Hudson...

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A reflective essay about my experience of learning second language

essay about my experience of learning second language language has been defined variously by various scholars. Generally, language is taken as the means of human communication. Learning a language is a mysterious task of human beings. Especially first language learning is too much amazing task. Sapir (1921:8) defines, “language is a purely human and non-instinctive method of communicating ideas, emotions and desires by means of voluntarily produced symbols.” Language is the unique property of human beings...

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Learn a Second Language

to not require a mandatory foreign language in its schools. I believe it is paramount for Americans to learn a second language to not only better themselves, but to strengthen their country as well. Being bilingual has too much upside to dismiss. The United States currently has no foreign language policy in place, but large-scale immigration from Latin America and Asia in recent years has convinced many Americans that English should be made the official language of the United States. I disagree...

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Factors Affecting the Second Language Learners' Fluency.

Affecting the Second Language Learners' Fluency. Although oral proficiency is a central goal of the language teaching, too little attention has been paid to the complex of factors that underlie the fluent of speech. This problem may encounter most second language teachers and learners. I have chosen to write about factors affecting the second language learners' fluency (SLLF) in order to increase teachers' awareness about these factors and to enable teachers to improve second language learners' fluency...

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Importance of language The importance of language is essential to every aspect and interaction in our everyday lives. We use language to inform the people around us of what we feel, what we desire, and question/understand the world around us. We communicate effectively with our words, gestures, and tone of voice in a multitude of situation. Would you talk to a small child with the same words you would in a business meeting. Being able to communicate with each other, form bonds, teamwork, and it’s...

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Old Paper for English Comp. I on Learning a Second Language

with their first language. Many will never even bother to consider learning a new language. While they ponder on whether or not studying another language is necessary, they tend to forget what good can come from it. This may sound like a predicament that happens all over the world, but these thoughts are frequenting the minds of many American students’ more than foreign students. Should they or should they not be required to learn a second language. By learning a new language, a student can be...

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English as a Second Language

English as a Second Language It is a struggle to adapt to a new culture and language, which may be completely different from the ones young child may have already learned. This can lead to inner conflict, confusion, and even anger. One way to handle the conflict is to cut ties with the first culture including language. But is this the answer? Doing so can create a sense of loss. In the essay “Aria: A Memoir of a Bilingual Childhood”, Richard Rodriguez shares his personal experience with learning...

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Discuss the importance and function of code-switching in bilingual children and/or learners of a second language. (2.2. grade)

Discuss the importance and function of code-switching in bilingual children and/or learners of a second language. This essay will consist of arguments for and against the importance of code-switching (or CS). The positive aspects focus on CS as a conscious choice, CS a social tool and CS requiring a fluency in all languages involved. The negative aspects will consist of the stigma attached to code-switching in general and in children, the difference between CS and ‘code-mixing’ and whether CS...

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The Best Predictor of Success in Second Language Acquisition Is Motivation

The best predictor of success in second language acquisition is motivation Benjamin Woelders University of Queensland S4274972 The following essay will look into the importance of motivation as a predictor of success in second language acquisition. The report will critically analysis some popular theories of motivation and allow of a better understanding to the different types of motivation. Moreover, the report will use the scholarly journals of other scholars who have actively tested and...

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Why Motivation Is Key for Second Language Learning Success

Why student motivation is key to foreign language learning success Author: Christopher Merrifield August 2008 "Acquisition requires meaningful interaction in the target language - natural communication - in which speakers are concerned not with the form of their utterances but with the messages they are conveying and understanding." Stephen Krashen. The principles of L2 teaching philosophy has greatly changed from the ancient principles of the Grammar-Translation approach historically used...

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Research Log

Source: Technology affects learning a second language a lot. Works cited page entry (use easybib.com) 2005, Working Paper January. TECHNOLOGY AND SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING: PROMISES AND PROBLEMS (n.d.): n. pag. Web. 1-2 paragraph summary of source: Technology affects learning a second language in both formal and informal settings. What information did you learn from this source that will be useful for your research project? Technology helps learning a second language in many ways and is one of the most...

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Notes on Bilingualism and Second Language Acquisition (Sla)

Notes on Bilingualism and Second Language Acquisition (SLA) Terminology: it is customary in studies of multilingualism to refer to a person’s first language or native language as “L1” and a person’s second language as “L2” Common Myths about Bilingualism/SLA * Speaking two languages to a young child will confuse them. * Speaking two languages to a young child will slow down their development. * Supporting L1 takes away from acquiring L2. * Younger children are better at getting...

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English as a second language

ago in Costa Rica has been implemented English as a second language in educational institutions. Thence, there have been a lot of teachers in order to teach this language to our students during elementary school and high school. However, this goal has been limited and in most cases is not met. This is because many of the teachers do not have basis and rationale for teaching, in many schools across the country many of them do not speak the language or by 50%, do not have good pronunciation, grammar...

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Language Learning vs Language Acquisition

Language Learning vs Language Acquisition ● What is language learning and language acquisition? Terminologies Language : is the human capacity for acquiring and using complex systems of communication Acquisition: the act of acquiring or gaining possession, something acquired, a person or thing of special merit added to a group Learning: Something we acquire or get through experience So, anu gid na sila bla? na Language acquisition is the process by which humans ...

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The Effectiveness of Singing Activities in Enhancing Listening Skill Among Primary School Pupils in Learning English.

TITLE: The Effectiveness of Singing Activities in Enhancing Listening Skill Among Primary School Pupils in learning English. CHAPTER 1 1. Introduction In Malaysian context, English is the second language after Bahasa Malaysia. Learning English is a compulsory since it is one of the subjects that must be learned during primary school until secondary education. It has been stated in the syllabus (KBSR, 2003, p1) that English is taught to the pupils so that they will be able to further...

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Differences in the Empirical Basis of Teaching and Learning a Second and First Language

THE EMPIRICAL BASIS OF SECOND LANGUAGE TEACHING AND LEARNING LEARNING A SECOND LANGUAGE LIKE LEARNING A FIRST? 1.      PSYCHOLINGUISTIC MECHANISM Dulay and Burt began with the premise that first and second language acquisition in children were the same process, and that the kinds of errors made by a second language leaner would be the same as those made by a first language leaner of the same language. Children learning a second language are usually older tan L1 learners; they are further along...

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Shakespeare as a Second Language

SHAKESPEARE AS A SECOND LANGUAGE Multiliteracies, Technologies and the Bard 1 My experience as a drama teacher in public schools and my observations on prac is that high school students in English or Drama classes find Shakespeare frustrating and alienating. And for many non-English speaking and Indigenous students, Shakespeare requires a cognitive leap made doubly problematic by cultural distance. In many ways, it’s like learning another language, hence the title of my investigation. I intend...

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Motivation Variables and Second Language Acquisition with Special Reference to Rural Students

MOTIVATION VARIABLES AND SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO RURAL STUDENTS Mr. Sawant B.A. Deptt. of English Karmaveer Bhaurao PatilCollege Urun-Islampur Tal- Walwa Distt- Sangli 415509. Introduction: At the outset of this paper, we confess that the terms Second Language Acquisition (SLA) and Motivation variables are adopted from ELT. If asked to identify the most influential factor in language learning /acquisition, motivation factor would probably be high on most teachers’...

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