What Is A Lesson Plan?
There is some confusion about what a lesson plan* is and is not. A worksheet is not a lesson plan. A handout is not a lesson plan. A classroom game or activity is not a lesson plan. In fact, there is no need for a lesson plan to ever be seen, touched, considered or dreamed of by students, and nor does it even need to exist on paper or disk, though it usually does. A lesson plan is a teacher's plan for teaching a lesson. It can exist in the teacher's mind, on the back of an envelope, or on one or more beautifully formatted sheets of A4 paper. Its purpose is to outline the "programme" for a single lesson. That's why it's called a lesson plan. It helps the teacher in both planning and executing the lesson. And it helps the students, unbeknownst to them, by ensuring that they receive an actual lesson with a beginning, a middle and an end, that aims to help them learn some specific thing that they didn't know at the beginning of the lesson (or practise and make progress in that specific thing). To summarize, and in very basic terms: a lesson plan is the teacher's guide for running a particular lesson, and it includes the goal (what the students are supposed to learn), how the goal will be reached (the method, procedure) and a way of measuring how well the goal was reached (test, worksheet, homework etc). Why plan?
Lesson planning is a vital component of the teaching-learning process. Proper classroom planning will keep teachers organized and on track while teaching, thus allowing them to teach more, help students reach objectives more easily and manage less. The better prepared the teacher is, the more likely she/he will be able to handle whatever unexpectedly happens in the lesson. Lesson planning:
- provides a coherent framework for smooth efficient teaching. - helps the teacher to be more organized.
- gives a sense of direction in relation to the syllabus. - helps the teacher to be more confident when delivering the lesson. - provides a useful basis for future planning.
- helps the teacher to plan lessons which cater for different students. - Is a proof that the teacher has taken a considerable amount of effort in his/her teaching. Decisions involved in planning lessons:
Planning is imagining the lesson before it happens. This involves prediction, anticipation, sequencing, organising and simplifying. When teachers plan a lesson, they have to make different types of decisions which are related to the following items: - the aims to be achieved;
- the content to be taught;
- the group to be taught: their background, previous knowledge, age, interests, etc. - the lessons in the book to be included or skipped; - the tasks to be presented;
- the resources needed, etc.
The decisions and final results depend on the teaching situation, the learners´ level, needs, interests and the teacher’s understanding of how learners learn best, the time and resources available. Lesson Plan Part 1– What to teach (refer to group task in session) Background info (sts age – no of sts – time limit)
Language Content: (structures, vocabulary, functions, etc)
Lesson Plan Part 2 – Lesson Procedures (how we are going to teach) § Warm-up
§ Core lesson: teaching new language, recycling, project work, written and oral production. § Tasks (which sequence to follow)
§ Rounding off.
Hints for effective lesson planning:
Ø When planning, think about your students and your teaching context first. Ø Prepare more than you may need: It is advisable to have an easily presented, light “reserve” activity ready in case of extra time .Similarly, it is important to think in advance which component(s) of the lesson may be skipped. if you find yourself with too little time to do everything you have planned. Ø Keep an eye on your time. Include timing in the plan itself. The smooth running of your lesson...
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