Types of Bill
Bills introduced in Parliament may be classified as private bills, private member’s bills, hybrid bills or government bills. Private bills, as the name suggests, are those affecting limited or particular persons or groups, associations, organizations or bodies. Private member’s bills are those introduced by any member of the legislature other than a Minister or Assistant Minister. Hybrid bills may be of general application and are introduced by either a Minister or private member but they belong to that class of bills which, in the opinion of the Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat or the President of the Dewan Negara, as the case may be, appear to affect individual rights or interest adversely. The overwhelming majority of bills introduced in the legislatures are government bills. They deal with matters of government policy and are of general application; hence they are introduced by Ministers. Although a bill is normally introduced by the Minister, there is nothing to prevent any member of either the government or the opposition from introducing a bill, but such a move is unlikely to succeed unless it commands the support of the government. Bills may originate from either House with the exception of a bill or an amendment concerning any of the matters enumerated in article 67, such as taxation and expenditure, which must be moved by a Minister in the Dewan Rakyat.
Procedures when a bill is passed to the other house
When a bill has been passed in this manner in either House, it is then transmitted or sent to the other House for consideration. When the bill has been considered by the other house in a similar fashion (first reading, second reading, third reading and committee stage) it is returned to the House from which it originated. For example, if a bill is first passed in the House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat), it is returned to that House by the Senate (Dewan Negara) after consideration. Where there are amendments, the...
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