Checks and Balances in the U.S. System vs. State of Texas
The system of checks and balances is an important part of the United States Constitution. The three branches of the government representing the separation of powers – executive, legislative, and judicial – each hold specific responsibilities. Checks and balances is a method set in place so that no branch of the government can become to powerful by allowing each branch to limit the powers of the others. This is accomplished by each branch checking the powers of the other branches to ensure the balance between all three. “The rationale of the separation of powers is often elided with the rationale of checks and balances and with the rationale of the dispersal of power generally in a constitutional system” (Waldron).
The legislative branch was established under Article 1 of the Constitution and consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives, collectively known as Congress, and is primarily responsible for making laws. Once a bill enters Congress, it must be passed by both houses in order to go on to the President for consideration. Currently, the House and the Senate are working on negotiations on a veterans bill “to let veterans get health care outside the Department of Veterans Affairs, including looking for ways to cover the cost” (Klimas). There are two bills circulating for approval with nearly the same intent, but due to the broad extent of the Senate bill, “conferees will need to work out the differences between the two bill”(Klimas). Before this issue can advance to the next level, both the House and the Senate must pass the same bill with majority vote.
Once a bill has been passed by the legislative branch, it moves on to the President as the head of the executive branch, established under Article II of the Constitution, for review. The President then either approves or vetoes the bill under his authority. Another power held by the President within the executive branch is the...
References: Associated Press. (2014, June 16). Obama to sign order extending LGBT protections [Newsgroup post]. Retrieved from http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2014/06/16/obama-to-sign-order-extending-lgbt-protections/
Donga, E. (2014, June 18). Supreme Judicial Court decides against convicted murder from Brockton [Newsgroup post]. Retrieved from http://www.enterprisenews.com/article/20140618/News/140616136
Klimas, J. (2014, June 17). House, Senate to begin negotiations on final vet bill [Newsgroup post]. Retrieved from http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2014/jun/17/house-senate-begin-negotiations-final-verts-bill/
Waldron, J. (2013). Separation of Powers in Thought and Practice? Boston College Law Review, 54(2), 433-468.
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