Leadership Management and Administration in Early Childhood Education

Topics: Early childhood education, Childhood, Nursery school Pages: 8 (2644 words) Published: January 29, 2012
Running Head: Leadership Management and Administration in Early Childhood Care and Education Settings

Effective Supervision
Lalithambal d/o Tanggaraju
Asian International College

Contents Page 1. Part 1 1-3

2. Part 2 6-10

3. References 11

Part 1
Operating a childcare centre can be a very challenging and rewarding career. Success in this field requires dedication, love and patience. There are a few types of childcare programmes catering to parents who have to leave their children at school and go to work. There is full-day programme, half-day programme and flexi-care programme. For those who do not want their children to be in a school environment for long hours, they have kindergartens and enrichment programmes. The demand for childcare services steadily increases as more and more women enter the workforce, giving up their roles of full-time mothers and house makers. Planning and operating a childcare programme consumes much time and energy thus, it is important that motivations, skills, experience and personality are thoroughly assessed. Early childhood care and education services are under the control of two Ministries in Singapore; Ministry of Community Development, Youth and Sports (MCYS) and the Ministry of Education (MOE). MCYS targets the childcare sector, which consists of children from two months to six years whereas MOE concentrates on children aged four to six in a kindergarten setting. Quality has become a priority issue for all concerned with early childhood care and education services. Starting from the premise that quality is a relative and dynamic concept based on values and beliefs. Providing quality education for children ensures that the learning journey and relationships in the early years of their lives have meaningful effects to their future achievements. ("Singapore pre-school accreditation," 2010) Role of a Supervisor

According to SPARK, “Leaders set the direction and tone for the preschool.” Leaders are a very important aspect in any organisation. Leaders must understand and play important roles; they must use evidence from research to make decisions; and they must work collaboratively. A good leader must have a strong philosophy which will enable her to deliver well. Having a good philosophy enables the leader to plan meaningful goals and objectives for the centre. Supervisors can play a pivotal role in “reinforcing philosophy in school settings and helping teachers integrate the theoretical frameworks with classroom realities.” (Grossman, 1990, p.133) Having a good bond with the teachers will ensure that the supervisor has found a good team to work with and should constantly keep renewing the bond with her teachers. This can be done by looking into the teachers’ welfare and giving them benefits from time to time to motivate and encourage the teachers to work consistently. At the same time, the supervisor must set a good example to her team of teachers by practising what she preaches. A good supervisor should also encourage her staff to further their education and when they do, not hesitate to promote them and give them bigger responsibilities. The supervisor should evaluate the quality of the learning environment and the centre as a whole. Catering to Children’s Needs

It is well documented that racial and ethnic identity, and developing concepts about racial and ethnic diversity are development tasks that begin in early childhood. According to NAEYC(2005), diversity in children, families and colleagues should be respected. Multiracial and multiethnic...

References: Benson, T.R., & Smith, L.J. (1998). Portfolios in first grade: four teachers learn to use alternative assessment. Early Childhood Education Journal, 25(3),
Catron, C.E., & Groves, M.M
Caulfield, R. (1997). Professionalism in early care and education. Early Childhood Education Journal, 24(4),
Erickson, H.L
Hanson, M.F., & Gilkerson, D. (1999). Portfolio assessment: more than abcs and 123s. Early Childhood Education Journal, 27(2),
Ministry of Education
Ministry of Education, Pre-school Education Branch. (2010).
Singapore pre-school accreditation framework:quality rating scale
NAEYC. (2009). Developmentally appropriate practices in early childhood programs serving children from birth through age 8. Washington, DC
Wortham, S.C
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