Labour Law and Industrial Relations
1. Describe and analyze the main characteristics of the Bi-partite Collective Negotiation, by making special reference to the social partners, the unions, the collective agreements, the industrial relations code and the role of the Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance. The Bi-partite Collective Negotiation involves the two parts of labour industry; employers and employees. This Negotiation contains the collective agreement. This is an association between the employer and the new member of its organization, the employee. This association is based on three important constitutions; a Local, a European and an International. It doesn’t have a legal binding and a legal ground of compensation. The most important characteristic of this association is that is a Gentlemen’s Agreement. That means; that is based on the good will of the employer to give some benefits and conditions to the employee for a good and effective cooperation. The agreement is recognized by the sectoral trade unions; if the employee is a member of it and by the company trade unions. It has duration two or three years and ensures industrial peace and there are no demands. The agreement is covering very important issues and benefits. Those are the salary and its influences; the annual increases and scales; specific to the public sector. Also, includes the automatic Cost of Living Allowance. Furthermore, provides medical fund, provident fund, annual and sick leave, public holidays, welfare fund, Christmas and Easter bonus, the working hours must be 38 per week, the overtime pay and the ex gratia payment in case of redundancy. The Industrial Relations Code signed the 1977 unanimously from the social partners. Initially, the social partners chose the Free Collective Bargaining and that was based on the no need and no desire to regulate industrial relations by using the legislation. Also, it was a need from the parties to establish a procedure for the negotiation...
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