Issues Concerning the Hiv/Aids & Malaria Epidemic

Topics: HIV, Developing country, Developed country Pages: 6 (1350 words) Published: June 1, 2013
Issues concerning the HIV/AIDS and Malaria Epidemic

Deandre Bonnelle

World Issues


Friday, January 11, 2013

Bonnelle, 1

In today's developing world, the spread of disease has become an important factor in the

overall stability of a country. In this regard, developing nations gave a greater battle with the

spread of disease than those of developed nations. While developing nations may help with

immediate crises, they do not help solve the root or underlying problem. Industrialized nations

are not doing enough to facilitate access to important medications to combat AIDS/HIV and

malaria in developing nations. AIDS stands for acquired immuno deficiency syndrome, and is

the final stage of the HIV infection. When diagnosed with AIDS, medical intervention and

treatment are needed to prevent death. AIDS, like malaria is most prevalent in sub Saharan

Africa and south East Asia (refer to appendix A). Malaria is caused by a parasite that is

transmitted from person to person through the bite of an Anopheles mosquito. Malaria is

considered the disease of poverty as poorer people may live closer to degraded land and

conditions where mosquitoes thrive. Over the past 35 years, the incidence of malaria has

increased 2-3 folds. In order to helps stop the spread of HIV/AIDS and malaria, developed

countries need to aid in terms of monetary investments, making access to medications more

viable, and helping to increase awareness by education.

The amount of foreign aid, debt relief or reduction and the distribution in wealth are key

factors in the fight against HIV/AIDS. The total amount of international development aid is

currently more than 100 billion a year. In 2008, rich countries gave 119.8 billion in foreign aid.

Over the years 0.2 and 0.3% of GDP has gone to aid.This is considerably below the United

Nations target of 0.7% ( Spagnoli. F, (2011), “Statistics on International Development Aid”,

retrieved from < Bonnelle, 2

poverty/statistics-on-international-development-aid/>). As shown in appendixes B and C, many

of the world’s richest countries are not shown among the countries that are top donors in foreign

aid. Developed nations are capable of giving more money for foreign aid as in the case of the

United States where foreign aid accounted for a measly one percent of their budget last year, as

stated by President Barack Obama ( Tampa Bay Times, (2013), “Foreign Aid makes up 1 percent

of our entire budget”, retrieved from <


us-b/ >). In recent years funding for both HIV/AIDS and malaria have not been enough. In 2010,

donor funding by government for HIV/AIDS dropped 10%. Resources available in 2010 were

US$6.9 billion, compared to US$7.6 billion in 2009 (UNAIDS/The Henry J. Kaiser Foundation

(2011, July). Current funding levels for malaria have peaked at US$ 1.6...
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