International Tourism Transport - Canada

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1.0 Introduction

This assignment examines and discusses Land, Air and Sea transportation modes, using Canadian examples such as the Trans-Canada Highway, VIA Rail Canada, Air Canada, Vancouver Airport and the Inside Passage to demonstrate the relevance and importance of the modes in regards to National, Regional and International networks and the supply and demand of these modes.

Transportation refers to the act of moving goods or individuals from one place to another. It is a key factor in many businesses and also plays an essential part in the tourism industry as well as for public use. Without transportation, travel and trade would not be possible. There are several different modes of transportation which can be categorised into three groups; Land, Air and Sea.

Canada is well known as the world’s second largest country and is bordered by sea on its East and West coasts. Canada borders the United States of America to the south and has the largest coastline in the world, spanning over 243,000 kilometres. (Transport Canada,(2)2012)
Figure 1: Map of Canadian Provinces (Source: Toronto Merchant Services, 2012).
2.0 Land Transportation

Land transport can be defined as any movement that takes place on the ground, e.g. Road and Rail transportation.

Road transportation is an important mode in any country especially one the size of Canada,with a population of over 33 million as recoded in the 2011 Census (Statistics Canada. (1) 2011), and road transport being one of the most efficient and affordable forms of transportation it is essential to the country’s infrastructure.

Rail Transport is a convenient means of travel for long distances; it is often a faster and more comfortable journey in comparison to Road Transportation.

In Canada two examples that are very important to Canada’s Land transportation are the Trans-Canada Highway and VIA Rail.

2.1 Trans-Canada Highway (TCH)

The Trans-Canada Highway is one of the world’s longest national



References: Air Canada. (2012). Boeing 787-800 Dreamliner [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://www.aircanada.com/en/about/media/facts/documents/AC_787.jpg Air travel demand sank 3.5% in 2009 Canadian Transport Agency. (2011). 2011 -2014 Strategic Plan: Making Transportation Efficient and Accessible for All. Retrieved fromhttps://www.otc-cta.gc.ca/sites/all/files/altformats/books/strategic_plan_11_14_en.pdf CBC - Radio Canada DriveAway Holidays. (2011). Car & Motorhome Rentals for Independent Self-drive Holidays [Brochure] Sydney, Australia. Page, S. (2009). Transport and Tourism: Global Perspectives. (3rded.). Harlow: Pearson (p. 27). Princess Cruises. (2011). 2012 World Cruises[Brochure]. Auckland, New Zealand Rovinescu, C Silversea Cruises. (2012). New England & Canada Cruises. Retrieved from http://www.silversea.com/destinations/canada-newengland/?region=005 Statistics Canada Statistics Canada. (2) (2012). Census 2011. Retrieved March 20, 2012, from Statistics Canada website: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/start-debut-eng.html Transport Canada Transport Canada.(2) (2012). Marine Transportation. Retrieved from http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/marine-menu.htm Toronto Merchant Services Vancouver Airport Authority. (2009a).2009 Annual & Strategy Report.Retrieved fromhttp://www.yvr.ca/ar/2009/pdfs/2009-Annual-and-Sustainability-Report.pdf Vancouver Airport Authority VIA Rail (2012a) Overview Retrieved March 20, 2012, from VIA Rail Website:http://www.viarail.ca/en/about-via-rail VIA Rail

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