Individual Behavior VALUES and Personality
After reading this chapter, students should be able to:
the four drivers of individual behavior and results.
Describe three types of ways to match individual competencies to job requirements. Identify five types of individual behavior in organizations. Define values and explain why values congruence is important. Define five values commonly studied across cultures.
List three ethical principles.
Explain how moral intensity, ethical sensitivity, and the situation influence ethical behavior. Identify the “Big Five” personality dimensions.
Summarize the personality concepts behind the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. Explain how personality relates to Holland’s model of vocational choice.
ability Both the natural aptitudes and learned capabilities required to successfully complete a task. Achievement-nurturing orientation A competitive versus cooperative view of relations with other people Big Five personality dimensions The five abstract dimensions representing most personality traits: conscientiousness, agreeableness, neuroticism, openness to experience, and extroversion (CANOE) collectivism The extent to which people value duty to groups to which they belong as well as group harmony. competencies The abilities, values, personality traits, and other characteristics of people that lead to superior performance. counterproductive work behaviors (CWBs) Voluntary behaviors that have the potential to directly or indirectly harm the organization. employee engagement How much employees identify with and are emotionally committed to their work, are cognitively focused on that work, and possess the ability and resources to do so ethical sensitivity A personal characteristic that enables people to recognize the presence and determine the relative importance of an ethical issue. ethics The study of moral principles or values that determine whether actions are right or wrong and outcomes are good or bad. extroversion A “Big Five” personality dimension that characterizes people who are outgoing, talkative, sociable, and assertive. individualism The extent to which people value independence and personal uniqueness. introversion A “Big Five” personality dimension that characterizes people who are territorial and solitary. job satisfaction A person’s attitude regarding their job and work content. locus of control A personality trait referring to the extent to which people believe events are within their control. moral intensity The degree to which an issue demands the application of ethical principles. motivation The forces within a person that affect his or her direction, intensity, and persistence of voluntary behavior Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) A personality inventory designed to identify individuals’ basic preferences for perceiving and processing information. organizational citizenship Behaviors that extend beyond the employee’s normal job duties. personality The relatively stable pattern of behaviors and consistent internal states that explain a person’s behavioral tendencies. power distance The extent to which people accept unequal distribution of power in a society.
self-monitoring A personality trait referring to an individual’s level of sensitivity behavior of others and the ability to adapt appropriately to these situational cues. uncertainty avoidance The degree to which people tolerate ambiguity or feel threatened by ambiguity and uncertainty. values Stable, long-lasting beliefs about what is important in a variety of situations. values congruence A situation wherein two or more entities have similar value systems.
Lecture Outline (with PowerPoint® slides)
Individual Behavior, Values and Personality
Employee Engagement at ASB
Employee Engagement Defined
MARS Model of Individual Behavior
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