Explain how technology has affected communication in Kenya today. Communication refers to the activity of conveying information through the exchange of thoughts, messages or information as by the use of speech, signals and other visual aids, writing or behavior. The communication process involves a sender or communication source, the subject matter of communication, expressions used for communicating (encoding), the medium of communication, receiver(s) of the communication and the interpretation thereof (decoding) and feedback. Technology can be defined as the application of scientific knowledge and principles for practical purposes. In relation to communication, technology can be used to refer to the process of constructing and maintaining communication systems. Communication is the backbone of human interaction and it is, therefore, imperative to have effective communication. The development of communication can be traced back to prehistoric times to a period when communication was basically done by use of symbols mainly painted onto the walls of caves and other early shelters of the prehistoric man. The invention of the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell in the year 1875 was the first technological invention that impacted communication to a massive extent. This was then followed by several inventions, for example, the introduction of the first automatic analog cellular phone in the 1960’s. The combining of technology and communication brings immediacy, integration, access and collaboration to several aspects of life. Technological progress has introduced modern means of communication, for example, 1. Telephones.
This is the transmission of speech over a distance either by electrical signals propagated along conductors or by radio signals. Telephone communication permits communication to be carried on between people separated by almost any distance. 2. SMS (Short Message Service).
This is a component of phone, web or mobile communication systems that allows the ‘texter’ to type and send a brief electronic message between two or more mobile phones or fixed or portable devices over a phone network. 3. Electronic mail (e-mail).
This is the transmission of electronic information between two or more individuals by means of a worldwide system of interconnected electronic equipment (internet). It enables one to communicate to anyone in any part of the world provided that the second party has access to the internet. Communication through e-mail may involve short messages, images and even videos.
4. Video conferencing.
This is a live connection between people in separate locations for the purpose of communication usually involving audio, text and video. It provides transmission of static images and text and the transmission of full-motion video images and high-quality audio between two or multiple locations. 5. Social networking sites.
It is the collective of online communications channels dedicated to community-based input, interaction, content-sharing and collaboration. Examples of prominent social networking sites include Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn. Technology has impacted communication in various ways both positively and negatively. Positively, technology has affected communication in the following ways: a) Reduced communication barriers.
Technology has transformed the once big world into a tiny global village thus increasing the ease with which people from every corner of the earth communicate to each other. Various modes of language translation have also been introduced to enable all people to communicate with and understand each other. In addition to that, several innovations in communication take into account the individual capabilities of the user. For example, there has been the development of Braille technology e.g. the Braille keyboard to allow the blind or visually impaired people to access various communication services. b) Strengthened relations.
From the conveniences of accessing e-mail on the go...
References: 1. www.buzzle.com
Article on the impact of technology on communication by Hemangi Harankhedkar.
Article on the effects of technology on communication by Katherine Noll.
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