8 December 2012
High immigrant areas are not the only places being effected by the ever enlarging annual intake of both legal and illegal immigrants; the workplace is already harsh for the working poor in America as it is. The facts of the working poor life style are hard enough to understand but don’t compare to immigrant workers life style. This essay will discuss the financial and physical effects on the working poor and immigrants, and why immigration is doing more harm than good for our economy. I will put together a practical solution and express my feelings on the matters.
The educated article by Steven Camarota, “Does immigration harm the poor?”, has multiple statistical points over immigration that come from a sturdy research council called the NRC. Each year the United States admits between 700k and 900k legal immigrants; additionally, the Immigration and Naturalization Service estimates that 5 million illegal aliens now live in the country with 400k new illegal aliens settling annually (Camarota 1). Those numbers are relatively small compared to the overall population of the country but they still have a big effect. Six states—California, New York, Texas, Florida, New Jersey, and Illinois—which have only 38 percent of the nation's total population, account for three-fourths of the immigrant population (Camarota 18). What happens in high immigration areas, usually very poor economic areas, when you have a multiple number of illegal immigrants using state and local public services? It is in these high-immigrant states that the negative fiscal effects of immigration are felt. In New Jersey, for example, the average household headed by an immigrant used $1,484 more in state and local public services than they paid in taxes each year; in California, the figure was $3,463 (Camarota 20). Due to these unpaid public services, the native, registered people in the local or state area, must pay. The added tax burden imposed on the each native household in New Jersey is $232; in California, $1,178 (Camarota 21). This is felt more heavily by the unskilled working poor of the area because they need every dollar they earn and don’t have room for error. Immigrants on the federal level have a so called positive fiscal effect because they pose no additional costs to the federally funded pure public goods. The positive federal fiscal effect is minuscule compared to the effects on the local and state level. Combining the positive fiscal effect at the federal level with the negative fiscal effect at the state and local level reveals that the negative fiscal impact of the average immigrant household is $964 in New Jersey and $3,336 in California (Camarota 22). Once again that weighs heavily on the unskilled working poor. This brings up the point that the native working poor suffer also from job loss due to immigrant workers. Another negative effect of immigration is that the immigrants take the money they make in the United States and send it back to their home country. When that happens, it takes the money out of our own economy. This point ties in with an even bigger problem. The big companies and farmers take advantage of this illegal immigration. Big companies will purposely place their manufacturing plants in high immigration areas for the immigrants to work for close to nothing. This effects the workplace across the country. Newly arrived immigrants who take jobs in light manufacturing in a high-immigrant city such as Los Angeles come into direct and immediate competition with natives doing the same work in a low-immigrant city like Pittsburgh (Camarota 30). The agricultural aspect of the immigrant work is even more negative, for not only the United States but to the native country of the immigrant. Take Mexico for example. “THE ECONOMIC CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF MEXICAN IMMIGRATION TO THE UNITED STATES” by Matthew C. Wilson, gives good reference to why...
Cited: Camarota, Steven A. "Does Immigration Harm the Poor?" Public Interest. 133.133 (1998): 23-32. Print.
Franz, Barbara. "Guest Workers And Immigration Reform: The Rise Of A New Feudalism In America?." New Political Science 29.3 (2007): 349-368.
Shipler, David K. The Working Poor: Invisible in America. New York: Knopf, 2004. Print
Wilson, Matthew C. "The Economic Causes And Consequences Of Mexican Immigration To The United States." Denver University Law Review 84.4 (2007): 1099-1120.
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