top-rated free essay

Huxley - Brave New World

By FuckThis2and3 May 16, 2013 861 Words
Aldous Huxley
Brave New World
Sacrificing Shakespeare in the name of the Centrifugal Bumble-Puppy?

Brave New World was written by Aldous Huxley, first published in 1932 and derived its title from The Tempest, a play by William Shakespeare, namely from its heroine Miranda’s speech which is at the same time both ironic and naive. Miranda, raised her whole life on a solitary island, comes to encounter people for the first time only to find drunken sailors and their ship which they happened to wreck. The line is: O wonder!

How many goodly creatures are there here! How beauteous mankind is! O brave new world! That has such people in it!
Aldous Huxley’s ironic allegory is quite clear. It is the future into which we project our hopes and dreams and it is the future again who twists and turns them into ludicrous dissapointments. But at least the citizens of Huxley’s dreamworld are unaware of their absurd condition and float through their existence with ease that men of today can hardly come to know. Written during The Great Depression and inspired by the novels of H. G. Wells, Huxley’s Brave New World tells the story of a suprisingly happy and contended society (one should bear in mind that this book is usually labeled as dystopian fiction, genre which relishes in apocalyptic and catastrophical visions of the future). People are not born but grown (in the book’s words ˈdecantedˈ), they are specifically conditioned through various means such as sleep-teaching to love what they would otherwise hate and to think only within the confines of their caste, they are distracted by the consumerist nature of their world to buy new and throw away the old, to dread solitude and to never doubt, question or fear. The need for religion and self-transcendence is achieved through the use of hallucinogen called soma. And into this world of blissful ignorance arrives John the Savage, the novel’s protagonist though he does not make an appearance until the middle of the narrative. He had been raised by the pre-Columbians in one of the last reservations where people are still left to their own devices and vices. His magical worldview is confronted with the unthinking machinery of the World State (single political authority common for all the world’s population) which cannot become anything but the end of him. Unlike Orwell’s vision of bleak, industrial and altogether dispiriting future as the one described in his masterpiece 1984, Huxley depicts it using opposite methods. Where is 1984 bleak, there is Brave New World bright and shining , industrial ladscape of 1984 is replaced with sunny one, full of colourful and sparkling skyscrapers of Brave New World. The word depression had all but lost its meaning. Everyone is happy. And happiness is indeed the word to understand the concept of the book. ˈI just want to be happyˈ is an answer common to majority when asked what is it they want most in their lives. And here it is, happy society in all its shining armor, so why is it then that this kind of society is still not desirable for the ones who reads about it (human’s squeamishness at genetic manipulation put aside)? It seems to be the absence of something fundamental. And that fundamental something seems to be the art. The high art respectively. In the world of Huxley’s imagination there are no great writers, painters or composers, no poets or playwrights. The reason why is very likely because happiness is not compatible with art. One has to know tragedy to give birth to something great and beautiful. It is this dialectic of art vs happiness that constitute the heart of this book. Happiness has got to be paid for and its prize seems to be the art. Brave New World is not a work without flaws. There are in fact many of them (the unrealistic portrayal of a highly intellectual savage who got all his wisdom from The complete works of William Shakespeare being one of them). Reading it is not a life-changing experience as, for me personally, reading 1984 was. It however raises rather few questions about the state of our own society and values. It presents the reader with the question (as the title suggests) whether it is right to sacrifice something honourable like art for the sake of being happy. The answer is left for everybody to decide individually according to their set of beliefs but in my personal opinion pain and pleasure, happiness and sorrow are two complementary human conditions. You wouldn‘t know one without the other and both of them are part of the whole integral human experience. The absence of one, be it a pleasure or pain, makes life incomplete and one-dimensional. Putting all philosophical discourse aside, Brave New World is also fairly easy to read, Huxley’s dictionary english makes it so and is sure to keep reader’s attention despite few of its defects, inconsistencies or holes in logic, it is also on the list of 1000 books you must read before you die and who are you not to do what you are told to do.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Brave New World: Aldous Huxley

    ...Brave New World – Aldous Huxley Reading Log Chapter Who? New students; the DHC; Henry Foster; Lenina Where? London, central Hatchery and Conditioning Centre: Fertilizing Room, Decanting Room, ... What? The DHC shows new students the CLHCC. Explains the Society (production of people, alpha, beta, gamma, epsilon; etc.) Henry Foster, hi...

    Read More
  • Aldous Huxley: Brave New World Essay

    ...To my fellow year 12 students, at this stage you are all studying ‘Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World’ (BNW) for the elective Representing People and Politics. Today I welcome you to this HSC Study Day, explaining to you all, why this text is suitable for Module C. The novel definitely explores ramifications of future developments in scie...

    Read More
  • A Marxist Study of Brave New World by Aldous Huxley

    ...Marxist study of Brave New World by Aldous Huxley” Alisha Ghosh QD Leavis’ essay mentions a statistic, “The investigation made in 1924 into the stocks and issues of urban libraries revealed that while they had 63% of non-fiction works on an average to 37% of fiction, only 22% of non-fiction is issued in comparison 78% of fiction.” Th...

    Read More
  • Brave New World - Is It a Warn

    ...Aldous Huxley wrote Brave New World in the 1930s. He made many future predictions and many or most of them have already come true but not to the extent that he writes about. The society in Brave New World is significannot ly different to the present one, and to the society in Huxley's time. Aldous Huxley wrote Brave New World not as a warning, b...

    Read More
  • Brave New World Essay

    ...Javier Medina Dr. Ward Intro to Sociology 8 November 2012 Brave New World Essay A novel written by Aldous Huxley, Brave New World is a very interesting, which is based upon a futuristic society. The entire novel shows the reader that this society obtains pleasure without any moral effects. This Utopian/dystopian society manip...

    Read More
  • Brave New World

    ... Stability? Is there such thing as a world in the future where sexual interaction is the closest aspect of a community? Is it true that the people in this society are unable to choose what they want, due to the fact that they are genetically controlled of who they are? Or to eliminate someone’s sadness by just taking one drop of a dr...

    Read More
  • Brave New World Summary

    ...who refined mass production techniques for automobiles. The world is ruled by World Controllers who ensure the stability of society. To ensure social stability, a five-tiered caste system ruled by Alphas and Betas has been created. The labor force comes from the lower three castes, known as Gammas, Deltas, and Epsilons. A drug called soma ensure...

    Read More
  • Brave New World

    ...Although the citizens of Brave New World by Aldous Huxley are convinced they are in this perfect world of the future, always happy, free to do whatever they want, ‘have’ whoever they want, little do they know, they are being trapped inside the world of the director of Brave New World. He makes the decisions about everything that happens. In ...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.