How has the feminist movement affected performance art?
The feminist art movement refers to the efforts and accomplishments of feminist’s world wide to make art that reflects women's lives and experiences, as well as to change the foundation for the production and reception of contemporary art. It also tried to bring more publicity to women within art history and art practice. Corresponding with general developments within feminism, the movement began in the 1960s and developed throughout the 1970s as a result of the second wave of feminism.
In 1961 Judy Chicago established the feminist art education program that took place at California State University, Fresno in California where fifteen female students and teacher Chicago helped pioneer key strategies of the early feminist art movement, including collaboration of the use of “female technologies” like costume, performance, and video, and early forms of media critique. The intention of Fresno was to allow the artists to create and discuss their work "without male interference." Sstudent’s were taught to collaborate with each other and focus on raising the student’s feminist consciousness about their artwork and ways of thinking. The Fresno Feminist Art Program would serve as a huge influence for other feminist art projects and programs such as Womanhouse. In the late 60’s Chicago started to put together an idea for an installation called ‘Dinner Table’. Before this there were no exhibitions, books, or courses surveying women in art. And the fact that 39 female artists had produced this monumental piece of art was outstanding to the audience. It was a major challenge to academic and artistic tradition because women produced it. During this time Yoko Ono was also performing her piece of work entitled “Cut Piece” 1964 where members of the audience were invited to come on stage and cut away her clothing she then covered her breast at the point of revealing her chest. It was also a piece that touched on...
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