Table of Contents
I. Background of the Study
1. Statement of the problem
2. Statement of the objectives
3. Significance of the study
4. Scope and Limitations
II. Review of Related Literature
III. Research Framework
1. Theoretical framework
2. Conceptual framework
3. Operational framework
1. Research design
1. Sources of data
2. Sampling design
1. Respondents of the study
2. Locale of the study
3. Research tools and instrument
4. Data gathering procedure
5. Procedure on data analysis and interpretation
THE LEVEL OF STIGMA CONSCIOUSNESS AND SELF-ESTEEM OF GAY BEAUTICIANS IN BATANGAS CITY
The Faculty of College of Education, Arts, and Sciences
De La Salle Lipa
In partial fulfilment
Of the requirements for the Degree of
Bachelor of Science in Psychology
LANTIN, JEAN KEANY A.
VELASCO, CARLA JEAN M.
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
“Homosexuality refers to being attracted to members of the same gender.”Homosexual has two categories; female homosexuals/ lesbians who are attracted to females and male homosexuals who are attracted to males. This is the reason why homosexuals experience stigma or discrimination especially at work because they are different. This is also the reason why the issue on homosexuality has been always a controversial subject during the past decades and at present. Due to the stigma experienced by the homosexuals in the society, the researchers find it interesting to study on the levels of stigma consciousness of gay beauticians who engage in a very feminine line of work. Gay beauticians are male homosexuals who are responsible of improving beauty of costumers through haircuts, hair colors, nail arts, make-ups inside a salon.
The levels of stigma consciousness examine the experiences and behaviors of stigmatized minority groups. The term stigma consciousness reflects individual differences--either dispositional or situationally induced--in the extent to which targets of widespread stereotypes focus on their stereotyped status and believe it pervades their life experiences (Pinel, 1999). In most social situations, individuals high in stigma consciousness usually believe that stereotypes about their group pervade their interactions with members outside of their group--the out-group. They also believe they cannot escape their stereotyped status. On the contrary, individuals low in stigma consciousness, although aware of stereotypes about their group, would dispute that their stereotyped status normally plays a role in their daily interactions with others. It is important to note that stigma consciousness does not simply refer to awareness of one’s stereotyped status; rather, it refers to one’s focus on one’s stereotyped status. From this perspective, stigma consciousness represents a form of self-consciousness (Pinel, 2004).
Since the researchers prompted to study on the levels of stigma consciousness at the work place, the researchers become interested to study on how the stigma consciousness can affect the levels of self-esteem of gay beauticians working in a salon. In line with the study of stigma consciousness, self-esteem is defined as the acceptance of ourselves for who and what we are at any given time in our lives. Self-esteem is a concept pertaining to a fundamental sense of worth to competence and worthiness in principle.
The respondents were comprised of gay beauticians within Batangas City. In line with the conduction of the study, the researchers would like to know how the two variables; the stigma consciousness and...
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