Three of these questions will appear on the exam—students will have to answer two (each worth 40%).
Suggested length for each answer: ~4/5 bluebook pages.
1. As Englishmen encountered Native Americans during the early-17th century, why did they feel themselves superior to what they quickly termed “Indians?” In what ways did Englishmen justify their supposed superiority, and how can one argue these explanations were based on faulty (mis) conceptions?
A: The natives did not own any land or property, which in the English eyes were the same as not being superior. According to the English, the Natives did not take care of the land, which by the way is a misconception since they did take care of the land, just not the way that the English were used to. The Natives lacked traits of the English civilization such as religion, culture, government, education etc. The English came to North America with knowledge in technology, agriculture, trade, etc., knowledge that the natives did not have or lacked. “White” stood for purity, beauty and properness. The natives were dark, which was usual for someone working hard labor outside in the sun. All of the points above were reasons to why the English thought themselves to be superior to the Natives.
2. Until the late-17th/early-18th century, why was slavery not seen—typically—as posing any moral qualms? Why, by the late-17th century, did Africans become increasingly associated with slavery, and what role did Enlightenment thought play in the increasingly racialized institution of slavery?
A: slavery was everywhere in every culture, poor people from England were shipped to james town and were promised to work to get land. And Englishmen believed that its gods creation.
The white slaves died quickly due to diseases, black people know how to treat the land better, they were immune