Han China/Imperial Rome CCOT

Good Essays
Han China was one of the longest dynasties in Chinese history, however, the Imperial Roman empire lasted even longer. Han China and Imperial Rome share many similarities as well as many differences. Although Han China and Imperial Rome had many similarities (patriarchy, expansion), the differences (recruitment, system of who is in authority) in methods of political control outweigh the similarities because of they had little interaction with each other. The first similarity between Han China and Imperial Rome is found when comparing their patriarchal societies. Both in Han China and Imperial Rome they were extremely patriarchal. In each society the man of the house could arrange marriages for their children, decided whether or not to keep the offspring born to their wives, and decided how to punish wives if they commit a wrongdoing. In Han China, for example they tried to strengthen patriarchal authority by emphasizing importance of filial piety and women’s subordination to men. Imperial Rome was also patriarchal, for example, because husbands would have multiple children with their wives in hope of birthing a strong, healthy son to carry on the family name and legacy. The main job given to women in Rome was to birth sons. The women had no say in the number of children they had or in keeping the children they gave birth to. If the women couldn’t fulfill this expectation of having sons, the husband would divorce the woman, have children with another woman, or simply kill his wife and find another one. The next similarity between Han China and Imperial Rome is the expansion of both their governments. Both societies sought to expand the borders of their empires through imperial expansion. They perceived threats to security led to wars and conquests, which increased the length of borders and led to more perceived threats. In vein of the Qin dynasty before the second empire, the primary goal of the Han dynasty was to unite all of China. To accomplish this, Han

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Imperial administration in Imperial Rome from 31 B.C.E. to 476 C.E and Han China from 206 B.C.E to 220 C.E. had both their similarities and differences. Similarities include general idea of equality, living under one ruler who gives the people some control, and the roles of families. One major difference is the method of political control with religion, and the way their leaders were selected.…

    • 386 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The ancient civilizations of Rome and Han China shared both similarities and differences in their social, political and economical views.…

    • 492 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Two of the greatest empires in all of history, the Ancient Roman and the Han China empires are similar in terms of both creating great inventions still used today; however, they are different in terms of how their militaries were organized and their religious beliefs.…

    • 547 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Imperial Rome and Han China had some similarities and differences in their foundation. In the eight century B.C.E., Rome began as a small city-state on the western side of Italy. Originally they were a monarchy but in 509 B.C.E. they knocked off the monarchy and made themselves republic. In their republic system, the wealthy class, known as patricians, dominated. The lower class was called plebeians. The Romans had laws that protected the lower class form abuse. The Romans took great pride in their system, believing it gave them more freedom. With this political system, the Romans launched their empire, a process that took more than 500 years. The Chinese were not building a new empire yet they were restoring the old. The Chinese empire started as early as 2200 B.C.E. By 5oo B.C.E. the Chinese state was in shambles which they considered as the warring states, which were seven kingdoms within the Chinese government fighting against each other. China finally reunified in 221 B.C.E. Han China and Imperial Rome are similar because they both flourished at about the same time (200 B.C.E. – 200 C.E.), conquered about the same amount of land (about 1.5 million square miles), and had about the same population (50 to 60 million). The reason for the similarities and differences in the foundation in both of the empires was because Rome was a new empire while the Han dynasty was just restoring the old but they were still the dame due to their similarity in the time era both empires flourished, they occupied a similar area, and they contained a similar population.…

    • 644 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Imperial Rome and Han China are both well recognized empires, known as strong and fairly successful. Although the empires had some differences they also had similarities in their methods of political control. Similarities between these empires include the belief that leaders had connections to God, religious tolerance, and public works provided to citizens. Along with the similarities in political control the differences include Rome having a democracy while China had a centralized bureaucracy, Rome had lesser domestic repercussions while China had harsh punishments, and Rome offered assimilation to become a citizen while China did not need to offer assimilation because it conquered states that were already chinese.…

    • 640 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Han China (206 B.C.E.- 220 C.E.) and Imperial Rome (31 B.C.E. - 476 C.E.) were each amazing civilizations in their own ways. Each dynasty made many great ecological and technological advancements. Additionally, the governments of these civilizations each had ways of maintaining the political control over their subjects. The Han Dynasty of China and Imperial Rome’s methods of political control were similar in many ways (including their use of centralized governments and their uses of their military) and many differences (including the roles of citizens in the government and the governments techniques for keeping the lower classes happy) but I believe the similarities outweigh the differences because while the differences are definite ways to control the people, the similarities listed have been much more long-lasting and are also much more essential to this type of control.…

    • 775 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    A similarity in the economy of Rome and China include the fact that, both countries taxed their citizens heavily. This occurred because both civilizations occupied a large area and taking care of everything was expensive, so taxes were high. This eventually led to the decline and the end of both empires. An economic difference is that the Han Dynasty had many resources while the Roman Empire only had metals. This gave a great boost the Han economy since it did not have to rely on other countries and had…

    • 398 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Imperial Roman Empire (31 BCE- 476 CE) and the Han dynasty (206-220 CE) were considered the strongest empires of their time and nearly unrivaled in conquest and expansion of their empires. They both varied in similarities and differences such as government, belief systems and economy.…

    • 615 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    China And Rome Dbq Essay

    • 716 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The Han Dynasty and Roman Empire both expanded their boundaries to the point where many thought they would be impossible to defeat. Regardless of that power, both empires had very devastating falls. Though they were both very different societies, China having a centralized bureaucracy, and Rome having a rule based on laws and private authorities, like many empires, many aspects of their defeat are similar. Some of the ideas contributing to this fall was the stress on military, the high taxes placed on citizens, and the religions of each empire.…

    • 716 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The roman and Han Empire were different in their political and governmental control through the use of the monarchy and the republic system. The monarchy of the Han Empire was a method of political control because it really strengthened the power of the government to really crackdown on the citizens to make sure that there were no protests or any riots. This control also showed the kinds of beliefs that they had in Han China. Also another type of political control that they used was the filial piety. Filial piety is the respect for your father and elders. This kept the people in check because they had to respect all their elders and the people that were above them. In the Roman Empire the republic method was more based on keeping the society happy then using political authority power. They would hold bread circuses and different events such as the gladiatorial games to keep them happy and prevent riots. The effectiveness of the system in Rome is demonstrated by the explosion of art, giving credit to people that…

    • 497 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Though the Roman Empire and the Han dynasty are very alike, the main difference was the way…

    • 427 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Rome and Han China were classical civilizations that built centralized empires, which eventually expanded. Both Rome and Han experienced unequal land distribution which led to political instability, and both suffered from invasions of nomadic tribes due to political instability which would lead to the collapse. However, only the western portion of the Roman Empire collapsed whereas the entire Han met its demise.…

    • 935 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    The Methods of political control used in Han China (206 B.C.E. – 220 C.E.) were similar to that of Imperial Rome (31 B.C.E. – 476 C.E.) in that both empires sought imperial expansion and the centralization of government. However, these societies greatly differed on their opposition to governing and the techniques used in maintaining control over their citizens.…

    • 419 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    han and roman empire

    • 358 Words
    • 2 Pages

    empires that ruled their respective parts of the world in the Ancient Era. The Roman Empire…

    • 358 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Society cannot exist without a unified social doctrine, as is true with both the Han and Roman empires. While there may be vast differences between them, at their roots is the same thing, a structure built on family. In this family structure, the households are run by the oldest male member. This member was to be given total respect and obedience and made all the important decisions for the family. This structure not only applied to the household, but to everyday life. Your sex, age, and social standing determined your level of influence in matters of state. These societies also treated women in a similar way. In both societies women had little to no control over their marriage prospects and could not own property or represent themselves in court. Women of higher social standings did have more political influence and as time went by women began to gain better social standings and powers. While similarities may be present, these empires have some key social differences. In Han China, there was little possibility to move between social classes, unlike in the Roman empire where there were more opportunities to do so. In Han China, one was stuck in the class they born in and simply had to endure the fact. Also, in Rome, the people had more power than the citizens of Han China. Since Rome started out as a republic, the citizens had a say in what the government did. While it may be true that most of the political power was reserved for the wealthy, the people still had…

    • 998 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays