Gender Wage Gap in the U.S

Topics: Gender, Economic inequality, Gender role Pages: 7 (1396 words) Published: June 12, 2014


THE GENDER WAGE GAP IN THE UNITED STATES

Name: Alejandra Aguilera
Date:
Teacher’s Name:
Subject: Language B
Word count: 1186

THE GENDER WAGE GAP IN THE UNITED STATES
Introduction
Today’s society continues to argue about the subject of social inequalities even in cosmopolitan and first world countries like United States. Gender inequality is a subject that have been forgotten eventually since the women civil rights movement developed and they started gaining an equal right for work. Still, in U.S history, gender inequalities remain till today in relation to the workplace to some degree. The Gender Wage gap is considered a gender inequality, but could be also a result of the interaction of many factors such as education, hours of work, career, etc. Indeed, by definition it is a “statistical indicator” of the amount of money women’s earn in relation to men’s work salaries and calculated by dividing the median annual earnings of women with the median annual earnings of men (Brunner and Rowen, 2012; OECD). The Wage Gap over History

Over history, after World War, I women had to take men’s work in factories till men came back from war. In addition, The National War Labor Board in 1942 agreed that they had to pay women and men equally for the same work and hours of work, but when men came back from war this did not happened and women had to leave their jobs to make room for men’s work. Thus, until 1960, newspapers presented articles to encourage women to take specific jobs different than men. For example, the New York Times published a wide amount of articles about homemaking to motivate women to stay at home and serve their husband and family. Besides, the different pay scales already existed, women with full time jobs gained between 59 and 64 cents from a dollar that men earned in the same job. Later, on June 10, 1963 the Equal Pay act was exposed to claim that women could not receive a lower pay than male because of their sex but due to merit, seniority or quantity of work was justified. Over the next decade, two court cases appeared regarding to the “going market rate” for women: Schultz v. Wheaton Glass Co. (1970), U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit and stated that jobs needed to be substantially equal to fall into the right of receiving an equal wage. Then also, Corning Glass Works v. Brennan (1974), U.S. Supreme Court suggested that women could not be paid less because of working in jobs that men would not like to do, it was described as “unacceptable”. The Wage Gap Today

Till 2012, women that worked full time earned 80.9% of men wages. Today, those percentages have arrived the 82.5%. According to the Washington Post newspaper article “Obama takes executive action to lift the veil of ‘pay secrecy’ ”, President Obama on April 1, 2014 described the gender gap in where women earned 77 cents from each dollar that men earned. In fact, He added that those statistics did not provide the factors that influenced the different pay wages among gender. Furthermore, due to this the Equal Pay Day 2014 also counted with the participation of both parts, in favor and against in a debate. Again, the arguments went around the factors that may produce these differences among wage and Mark J. Perry and Andrew G. Biggs republican economists of the American Enterprise Institute claim the Wage Gap to be a “myth”, they also suggested that the Paycheck Fairness act will produce side effects as women being hired from their jobs and they claim that the gender Wage Gap was due to women choose careers from liberal arts that tend to be less paid (Berman, 2014). However, inequality has not only affected all women in similar degree. The Wage Gap is also persistent among Black, Hispanic and Asian women, due to they earn less than White women and less than Men of their same race. Earnings are high among Asian ($770) and White Women ($710) than for Blacks ($599) and Hispanics ($521)....


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Pew Research Social & Demographic trends (December 11, 2013). On Pay Gap, Millennial Women Near Parity: For Now Despite Gains, Many See Roadblocks Ahead. Retrieved from: http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2013/12/11/on-pay-gap-millennial-women-near-parity-for-now/
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