1. Briefly describe today's immigrants in terms of numbers, main source areas, and skills/education. There is close to 40 million immigrants and about half of them are originally from Mexico. One Third of the immigrants have no high school diploma. 2. Identify and rank the five countries sending the largest numbers of immigrants to the U.S. Include numbers for the latest year available. The top 5 countries sending immigrants to the US are Mexico 166,000, India 65,000, China 60,000, Philippines 53,000, and Vietnam 40,000. 3. What is the net economic impact on the U.S. of immigrant taxes and welfare benefits? The welfare benefits are close to twenty thousand while the average yearly family income is only eleven thousand. 4. Briefly outline the main points of the Immigration Act of 1990 (IMMACT 90). What is the basic foundation of this act? The act increased the amount of legal immigrants permitted into the United States every year. This act also created a “lottery” program, which assigns visas promptly 5. What is meant by "preference levels" for immigration to the U.S.? Identify the preference levels. Do you believe such preferences are justified? Support your opinion. New immigrants that are immediate relatives of American citizens are allowed into the United States. This law bears no limit as to how many relatives can enter the US. Aside from this there is the “Family Preference System” that is also for admitting relatives but this system does have a limit. I feel that the system works the way it is supposed to and is therefore justified. 6. What were the basic reasons for the record-breaking immigration in 1990 and 1991? When did it level off? Are migration numbers to the U.S. smaller or larger today? Why/Why not?