The United States Constitution is the supreme law of our great country. Found in our Constitution, is the fourteenth amendment. But, did the authors of the Fourteenth Amendment want or not want to grant citizenship to every person who happened to be born on U.S. soil? And does "subject to the jurisdiction" mean something different from "born in the United States,"?
First, let’s see exactly what the fourteenth amendment states:
“All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” (1) XIV Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
Next, let’s examine the current requirements and policies in place for legal immigration and citizenship in the United States.
“Immigration is the act of entering a country with the intention of permanently living and/or working there, although U.S. immigration laws also cover entry into the country for almost any purpose, including temporary stays beyond a certain length of time. Below is an overview of immigration processes in the United States.
The immigration system in the U.S. is set up primarily to grant immigration status based on factors such as family reunification, in-demand work skills, and capital investment. The immigration system also covers refugees and asylum seekers, and provides a "lottery" for immigration status to people who have less pressing immigration needs. The procedure for gaining legal immigrant status will depend upon, among other factors, which path you are eligible to pursue based on your employment, education, and family situation.
References: SEPTEMBER 29, 2005, Serial No. 109 63 (4) The UnConstitutionality of Citizenship by Birth to Non-Americans, P.A (5) 2009 NumbersUSA Action, 1601 N Kent St, Suite 1100, Arlington, VA 22209 http://www.numbersusa.com/content/learn/baby-chaining/fourteenth-amendment-debate.html (6) James C Ho (7) Robin Jacobson. (2006). Characterizing Consent: Race, Citizenship, and the New Restrictionists. Political Research Quarterly, 59(4), 645-654. Retrieved March 16, 2009, from Research Library database. (Document ID: 1200410661). (8) The UnConstitutionality of Citizenship by Birth to Non-Americans, P.A. Madison Former Research Fellow in Constitutional Studies, February 1, 2005 http://www.theamericanresistance.com/issues/anchor_babies_unconstitutionality.html