French And Indian War Summary

Topics: French and Indian War, United States, Seven Years' War Pages: 1 (392 words) Published: October 26, 2013
The French and Indian War lasted from 1754–1763 which is the American name for the North American warfare of the Seven Years' War. It began with a dispute over control of the meeting of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers, also called the Forks of the Ohio and the site of the French Fort Duquesne. The war was primarily along the boundaries of New France and British colonies. Both sides were supported by military units from the original countries of Great Britain and France. The French were outnumbered by the British so they used their allegiance with the Indians. The dispute erupted into violence in the Battle of Jumonville Glen in May 1754. During this time a Virginia militiamen under the command of 22-year-old George Washington ambushed a French patrol. British operations in 1755, 1756 and 1757 in the frontier areas of Pennsylvania and New York all failed. This was due to a combination of poor management, internal divisions, and effective Canadian, French and Indian offense. The 1755 British capture of Fort Beauséjour on the border of Nova Scotia and Acadia was followed by its policy to the expulsion of the Acadians. The Acadians, both those captured in arms and those who had sworn the oath to His Britannic Majesty, were expelled. The Native Americans were also driven off their land to make way for New England settlers. In 1756 the two original countries declared war on each other, it later went from a regional conflict into a world-wide one. In 1757 British campaigns failed, an expedition against Louisbourg and the Siege of Fort William Henry then the Indian torture and massacres of British victims caused the British government to fall. William Pitt came to power and significantly increased British military resources in the colonies. At a time when France was unwilling to risk large convoys to help the limited forces it had in New France, it concentrated its forces against Prussia and its allies in the European warfare. Between 1758 and 1760, the British...
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