Forensic Science in the 21st Century
March 7, 2013
The importance of forensic science is continuing the objective to resolve crimes effectively and proficiently to generate eminence outcomes. Forensic science continuously expands on innovative methods and theories within a challenging industry. Forensic science is critical to the analytical practices, court procedures, and safety measures. A great deal of the media image of forensic science is more of a hyped occupation that could possibly persuade the public of the magnificence of functioning as a forensic science expert.
Forensic science has developed into a valuable advantage in the criminal justice world. Prior to the evolution of forensic science cases have relied upon physically collected evidence as well as eye witnesses. Subsequent, forensic science evidence can be collected and analyzed in a more proficient and effective manner. The effective use of Forensic science has made criminals consider the crimes prior to committing them. Although, forensic science has been an enormous benefit to the criminal justice system it is still necessary to update the technologies, techniques and devices within the lab in order to sustain accurate results and maintain the edge on the criminal mind. Addition to the technologies, techniques and devices utilized within the lab, medicine can also be used to gather information to convict criminals and prevent future crimes from happening. The source of forensic science cannot be pinpointed. According to H. J. Walls' article “Whither Forensic Science?” forensic science started as a hobby of a few scientists who wanted to get involved in police procedures and “enjoyed the kind of problems this association brought them (Walls 32).” We do not know how forensic science originated and came together or how it came to be connected to the police investigations and court rulings. According to Cowan in his article “Decision Theory in Law, Science, and Technology” Forensic Science and Policing
For an extended period of time the police had not been proficient deal with criminal actions. Criminals have always managed maintain a step ahead of the police with the latest weapons and advanced technology. In the past, criminals have managed to leave a crime scene free of any evidence for the police. Consequently, the advancement with technology in the 20th Century has played a phenomenal role to make changes when gathering evidence at crime scenes. Collected not easily found evidence using forensic science has been a very important technical apparatus in helping the police to disentangle criminal activities. Forensic science has proven to be a reliable advantage to the criminal justice system by assisting police in collecting evidence otherwise uncollectable under normal circumstances. Prior to forensic science, verbal testimony was the main source to collect evidence. For this reason, the courts had to depend on unreliable oral evidence. As a result, there were countless disputes and rebuttals. Following the implementation of forensic science crime scene evidence has become more attainable resulting in uncontested and undisputable convictions. Although, forensic science is a tremendous asset it is still the responsibility of the police to perform the investigation and obtain the evidence needed to prosecute criminals. Forensic Science Significance in Criminal Justice System
Forensic science has developed into a determining factor in investigations and court procedures on all levels. According to the New York State Trooper: “advances in technology are being applied to the finite and exacting field of forensic science, a field in which technical competency is achieved only by the synthesis of a number of factors, including training, experience, supervision, continuing education,...
References: (2007). Modern Forensics: 21st Century. Retrieved January 25, 2008, from New York State Trooper Web site: Retrieved from: http://www.troopers.state.ny.us/Forensic_Science/Modern_Forensics
Cole, Simon A. and Dioso-Villa, Rachel, CSI and its Effects: Media, Juries, and the Burden of Proof. New England Law Review, Vol. 41, No. 3, 2007. Retrieved from: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1023258
Cowan, Thomas 1962, Decision Theory in Law, Science, and Technology. Retrieved from: http://www.sciencemag.org/content/140/3571/1065.extract
Meg Sidebottom, 2008 “The Importance of Forensic Science in Criminal Investigations” Retrieved from: http://criminalistic.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=745&Itemid=5
The Justice Project, www.thejusticeproject.org, 2008
Retrieved from: http://ag.ca.gov/meetings/tf/pdf/Justice_Project_Report.pdf
Podlas, Kimberlianne, 2006 “The CSI Effect”: Exposing the Media Myth Retrieved from: http://iplj.net/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/Article-THE-CSI-EFFECT-EXPOSING-THE-MEDIA-MYTH.pdf
Schiro, G. Forensic Science and Crime Scene Investigation: Past, Present, and Future. American Lawman, Spring 2000. Retrieved from: http://www.forensicscienceresources.com/CSIPPF.htm
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