Quiz 1 Study Guide
Know terms that are in bold in either text [and their definitions, of course]
Know terms defined in the margins of the Criminalistics chapters [& their definitions, of course]
Use the Learning Objectives as guides
Criminalistics Chapter 1 Introduction:
1: How different fields of science are involved in forensics?
- Is the application of science to the criminal and civil laws that are enforced by police agencies in a criminal justice system
BIOLOGY CHEMISTRY PHYSICS anything biological!! Answer is always BIOLOGICAL ANSWER! Forensic Odontology (Dentsits)- Ted Bundy
2: History and development of forensic science – Who are the “key players” and their contributions?
- Alphonse Bertillion: devised the first scientific system of personal identification that worked for awhile until 2 gentlemen with same name had same bertillion measurements
- Francis Galton: Conducted the first definitive study of fingerprints and their classification
- Edmond Locard: Incorporated Gross’ principles within a workable crime laboratory - Locards exchange principle
3: Be able to describe Locard’s exchange principle.
- Every criminal can be connected to a crime by dust particles carried from the crime scene
- When a criminal comes in contact with an object or person, a cross-transfer of evidence occurs.
4: How crime labs are organized in general?
- Approximately 350 public crime labs operate at various levels of government-federal, state, county, and municipal. Forensics labs are divided into units, analytical sciences, fingerprint unit, toxicology etc. Depending on agencies these vary. Small = less money not as many units, larger = more money usually more units.
5: How and why have the number of crime labs increased since mid- to late-1900s [20th century]?
- Supreme Court decisions have placed great emphasis on scientifically evaluated evidence 60s
- Crime labs inundated