AP European History
24 February 2015
Key Terms Chapter 25
1. Extraterritoriality: the state of being exempt from the jurisdiction of local law. This occurred in China in treaty ports where foreigners were exempted from Chinese law enforcement and could only be judged by officials of their own countries. This example of extraterritoriality represented a distrust of Chinese legal procedures and a cultural arrogance on the superiority of Western institutions.
2. Geopolitics: Political geography grounded upon the recognition that certain areas of the world are valuable on a political basis. Geopolitics combined with rising nationalist movements in Southern Europe and the Ottoman Empire worked to create a mood of increasing confrontation among Europe’s great powers in the time period between 1870 and 1914.
3. Jingoism: extreme patriotism, especially in the form of aggressive or warlike foreign policy. J.A. Hobson, a journalist and theorist of imperialism, recognized jingoism as “inverted patriotism whereby the love of one’s own nations is transformed into hatred of another nation, and into the fierce craving to destroy the individual members of that other nation”, in his novel Psychology of Jingoism (1901). Jingosim was not a new phenomenon in 1900, but throughout Europe, a mass public was increasingly willing to support conflict in order to defend and gain national prestige. Jingoism was the result of xenophobia combined with nationalism to create new pressures on foreign policy.
4. New Imperialism: The new imperialism was the acquisition of territories on an intense and unprecedented scale. Industrialization had created the tools of transportation, communication, and domination that allowed for the rapid pace of global empire building. The new imperialism was the absolute domination of industrialized powers over the nonindustrial world.
5. Quinine: Quinine was the bitter tasting derivative of cinchona tree bark and was discovered to be an