"German Empire" Essays and Research Papers

German Empire

How and why did German Nationalism develop in the 19’th century? The development of a sudden national pride, began during, through and after the French revolution, things began to seem more grand and to a larger scale, people saw things in a different light. Nationalism suddenly emerged, relatively quickly, and with immense presence all across Europe, the rulers of the time did not like this, but what could they do? Germany is probably one of the most prevalent examples of how Nationalism...

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German Responsible for Ww1

military alliances: the Triple Entente (United Kingdom, France, and Russian Empire) and the Triple Alliance (German Empire, Austro-Hungarian Empire, and Italy). World War One which broke out it 1914 was a total war, where all industries geared towards war. The July Crisis and the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand resulted in a conflict which should have been local and confined but due to a series of factors, German foreign policy, fear of encirclement, nationalism, this one incident led to...

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To What Extent Was German Aggression the Cause of the First World War?

statesman who proliferated its values as responsible for war. The country with colonial superiority had majority influence meaning the struggle to be part of the most prestigious empire was at the heart of the many countries around Europe. As Crowe stated, ‘The dream of a colonial empire had taken a deep hold on the German public opinion.’ This craving for international power led to strained relations and various clashes in the build up to WW1, for example, the First Moroccan Crisis. France (and Britain)...

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“the First World War Did Not Arise Primarily as a Result of Planned German Aggression” How Far Do You Agree with This Opinion?

as a result of planned German aggression” How far do you agree with this opinion? Explain your answer, using sources 1, 2 and 3 and your own knowledge of the issues related to this controversy. There has been some controversy as to what or who was to blame for the outbreak of the First World War. Some people have taken the opinion that the war arose as a result of “planned German aggression” such as sources two and three, whereas source one is of the opinion that the Germans went to war with “defensive”...

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German Aggression Question

‘German aggression was responsible for the outbreak of a general European war in August 1914.’ How far do you agree with this judgement? The above judgement outlines a clear debate among historians as to whether German aggression was the main reason the First World War began in August 1914, or whether it was due to various other factors. Gordon Corrigan claims that it was due to German aggression and therefore represents the closest argument to the one made in the question. Corrigan also references...

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Key Factors of German Unification 1871

The Key Factors of German Unification Germany became a unified country in 1871 under the leadership of Otto Von Bismarck. The separate states up until this time were independent, Prussia being the strongest and most influential, followed by Austria. There are several contributing factors to the unification of Germany, the most influential of which being the leadership of Otto Von Bismarck. The three wars that Prussia fought with Denmark, Austria and France also played significant roles in the...

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Post-WWI Treaties

or injured on both sides. Total British and French casualties amounted to over 9 million Almost every family had lost a member in the fighting Ordinary civilians faced shortages of food and medicine. They had proof of the evil ambitions of the German regime. Germany treated Russia very harshly in the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk in 1918. The Allies felt that this was what Germany would have done to them if it had won. Aims of the leaders: Clemenceau (France) Suffered enormous damage to its land...

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France and 1871

France and 1871 • France declared war on Prussia on 10th of July in 1870 following “Ems Dispatch “after declaration of the status of the second French empire ➢ Otto von Bismarck manipulated the telegram by Wilhelm 1 that is sent to France and published to the public. ➢ In respect of France, the manipulated telegram sound as if the king mistreated them. ➢ 6 days later, France declared war of Prussia. • Then from August to September, French forces had lost continuously...

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American Involvement in Ww1

the way for various political changes such as revolutions in the nations involved. Long-term causes of the war included the imperialistic foreign policies of the great powers of Europe, including the German Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, the Russian Empire, the British Empire, France, and Italy. The assassination on 28 June 1914 of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, by a Yugoslav nationalist was the proximate trigger of the war...

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The Paris Peace Settlement, 1919-1920

On October 28 a naval mutiny occurred at Kiel, and on the next day Emperor hurried from Berlin to military headquarters at Spa, imagining that the army would safeguard alike his person and his throne. Within a week almost every city in the German Empire witnessed Socialist rioting and the formation of revolutionary “workers councils.” On November 8, amid disorders at Munich, Bavaria was proclaimed a “democratic and socialist republic,” with Kurt Eisner, a left-wing Socialist, and president. In...

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A War of Fear, Aggression and Evolution

of the Great War. Different views from various angles of thought. Although it seems universal that most historians agree all the participants in Europe at the time expected a short war. Tensions were rising everywhere. Public statements from Empires relating to others as well as prior conflicts had already taken a toll on most nations’ collective psyche in Europe. This greatly affected how they would plan their future strategies in foreign policy, as well as war entry. The key theme among most...

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Bismarck and Cavour

Italy and the German Empire. The unification movements of both countries took place at roughly the same time in the mid-19th century and were motivated by the same historical trends - liberalism and nationalism. Before the French Revolution and Napoleon Bonaparte, both Italy and Germany shared some similar features. Italy was divided into a number of separate states which were ruled by despotic kings. Yet the Italians shared a common language and a common history - the Roman Empire. Many still had...

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To What Extent Did Bismarck's Successors Change His Policy in the Decade 1890-1900?

history with the formation of the German Empire. No power alone, (perhaps with the exception of Russia) could defeat the new German Empire, and all the European powers with the exception of France were willing to allow Bismarck to consolidate German gains provided there was no further expansion. Bismarck having successfully won the Franco-Prussian war of 1870 and having united Germany, sought to ‘preserve the settlement of 1871’ by maintaining the status of the German empire as a great power amongst the...

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Khan

PESTEL: POLITICAL ANALYSIS German Empire was created in 1871 by chancellor Otto von Bismarck. History dates back to holy German Empire (962-1806AD). The Reichstage, or elested parliament, had only a limited role in the imperial government. Post 1945: WW II Divided Germany in 2 parts: West Germany (Rish Germany) and East Germany (Poor Germany). Berlin: capital of Germany was also divided in 2 parts by way of “Berlin wall”. Location: central Europe. Area: 357,104 Km2. Inhabitants 2008: 82,2 Million...

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Germany

German Foreign Policy International Relations 1871 - 1914 Part 1 1 Background Unification of Germany The Congress of Vienna at the end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815 redrew the map of Europe and established the Confederation of German States (39 of them) which were under the control of Austria-Hungary. 2 Germany 1815 3 German Unification Prussia, the largest of these states, wanted to end Austrian domination and unite the states into a new German Empire under her own...

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Between the years 1900-1913, it was the Kaiser Wilhelm who really controlled German domestics

‘Between the years 1900-1913, it was the Kaiser Wilhelm who really controlled German domestics’ policies’. How far do you agree with this judgement? From the 1900-1913 Kaiser Wilhelm, the elites and the pressure from below all had a say in the domestic policies that controlled Germany. Although some theories suggest that only one of them had the greater power. The statement suggests the Kaiser did but I will examine two other theories as well as the Kaiser. The other theories are pressure from...

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History Ks2

with Serbia. Theassassination led to the first World War. This terrible conflict latsed over 4 years, involvedover 30 nations, and claimed more than 20,000,000 lives, both miltary and civilian. Itcost billions of dollars, destroyed Europe, crumbled empires, and sowed seeds of WorldWar 2.There were also others causes that led up to World War 1. Over time, countries in Europemade mutual defense agreements that would pull them into battle. If one country wasattacked, allied countries were bound to defend...

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2 To What Extent Were Bismarck S Domest

To what extent was Bismarck’s domestic and foreign policy a success? In the period after German unification (1871-1890), Otto Von Bismarck had to face lots of problems both on the domestic and foreign fronts that proved his political and practical skills. Many historians said when commenting Bismarck’s policies after his death that the ‘Iron Chancellor’- as he was also nicked-named - had many successes in both domestic and foreign policies but also had to face some failures, especially regarding...

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World War I

the members of The Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy) and the members of The Triple Entente (Great Britain, France, and Russia). Eventually, countries such as the USA joined in 1917. Rivalries between countries, arguments over empires, and an arm race are the causes of the European tensions that lead to the war. A cause thought to of sparked the war was the shooting of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, next in line to the Austro-Hungarian throne, by a Serbian terrorist in Bosnia...

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To What Extent Was Germany Responsible for the Outbreak of Ww1?

necessarily be held fully accountable. Aggression already existed between the Entente and Germany, it is clear that Germany aimed to prevent their empire from falling due to the prevalent risk of fighting a war on two fronts. This was amended by the creation of the Schlieffen Plan. It was produced by General Alfred Von Schlieffen in 1905, it showed German intentions to invade France, but the time they would execute the plan remained ambiguous, however this is irrelevant. The very existence of a plan...

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How valid is the claim that in 1914 states went to war due to fear rather then motives of gain?

Bismarck demanded 5 billion francs as war reparations, believing that this punishment will cripple France for years. Bismarck was, however, no economist, and Germany was to fear France ever since 1873, when last francs were handed over to Germany. "German acquisition of Alsace and Lorraine meant that there must be a war between Germany and France" Karl MarxAt the Algeciras conference in Spain, almost all great powers and other nations decided to support the French rights in Morocco during the First...

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Cavour and Bismarck

Italian & German Unification The unification of Italy and the unification Germany happened about the same time. Italy was made up of small city-states and Germany was divided as well. The emerging leader in Italy who pushed for unification was a gentleman named Count Camillo Benso de Cavour. In Germany it was a gentleman named Otto Von Bismarck. Cavour and Bismarck had some similar and different methods for unification. Ultimately, Cavour and Bismarck were successful in unifying their own areas...

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German Aggression Was Responsible For The Outbreak Of A General European War In August 1914.’ How Far Do You Agree With This Judgement?

as a potential threat as seen in the arms race mentioned in source 3. It is quite easy to see the arms race as Germany being aggressive towards Britain however “The arms race, in which all the major powers were involved” would be threatening from a German point of view. Germany may have built up their arms, not to compete with the other powers but to defend themselves from them. Source 2 says “Bethmann Hollwegg courted a great war” which suggests Germany wanted the war to be sooner rather than later...

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Finding the Middle Ground

Both the Moroccan Crisis and Agadir Crisis resulted in the alienation of Germany, a power that was capable of upsetting the current balance. In the Moroccan Crisis, Britain and most other nations supported the French control of Morocco rather than German control, leading to an increase in tensions and an instable balance of power. In the Agadir Crisis, Germany was once again alienated. When Germany sent a gunboat to Morocco in order to pressurize France, Britain warned them of their actions, allowing...

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Germany's Country Profile

and Infoplease.com (2012) details this information. The first inhabitants of Germany were Celts. Located in Central Europe its official name is Bundesrepublik Deutschland (short: Brd) or Federal Republic of Germany, and the main population is of German descent. The religious preference can be divided largely between Roman Catholic and Protestant. Germany celebrates the National Holiday- Unity Day October 3rd. The climate is moderate consisting of warm summers and cold winters. One-third of the country...

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Nationalism Review Sheet

Congress of Vienna- Influence on= Congress of Vienna creates 39 independent states. Loosely tied with a assembly, Austria dominated the Confederation which created conflict with Prussia (largest state) Zollverein- An economic union formed in the German states in 1834. Strengthened Prussia’s influence and weakened Austria. Otto von Bismarck- Prime Minister, believed Prussia needed strong government and army to achieve unification. Realpolitik- right of a nation-state to pursue its own advantage...

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Woodrow Wilson's 14 Points

their goodwill, of their comprehension of her needs as distinguished from their own interests, and of their intelligent and unselfish sympathy." At the time, the Bolsheviks had seized power on Russia and were determined to withdraw from the war. The Germans were in the process of enforcing the humiliating Treaty of Brest-Litovsk on them. Even though we often refer to the Treaty of Versailles asan extremely unfair treaty, Brest-Litovsk was far worse. 7. "Belgium, the whole world will agree, must be...

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Was the Outbreak of General War in 1914 Inevitable After the Assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand?

first World War- a war which incorporated all human, economic and military resources available to achieve total victory over the enemy. Roughly, the causes can be classified into long term (Franco-Prussian War, Imperialism, Alliance System, Anglo- German Naval Arms Race, etc.), short term (Morrocan Crisis, Agadir Crisis, Bosnian Crisis, Balkan Wars) and the immediate cause of World War I: The assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo. Although all of the causes added to the outbreak of...

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Germany Was to Blame for Wwi

with surrounding countries to pursue their policy. Though these alliances formed and fell often, Austria always stood by their side. Bismarck chose Austria to be their ally because he knew Austria would throw open the door to the Danube valley for German trade. He also preferred a weaker partner which could be more easily controlled. But whilst the Dual Alliance gave Germany a firm military ally, it also dragged them into situations that they had no interests in, such as supporting Austria in the...

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Which Factor Was Most Significant Factor in Leading to the Outbreak of the First World War?

true to say that it caused by the rise of Balkan nationalism. Powers would not give way because Balkan is strategically important and most importantly, for the sake for promoting national glory. Secondly, for the Pan-German Movement, Germany wanted to build a big German empire. She wanted to expand into the Balkans and West Asia. This alarmed the powers like Britain and Russia and increased the tension between the powers. Thirdly, for the Pan-Slav Movement, Russia wanted to unite all Slavs into...

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Causes of World War I

declarations of war between Austria and Russia, along with the alliance systems were formed in this area. (Coetzee, 23-25) Meanwhile, a German administrator named Otto von Bismarck carried out the French Isolation, which its initial goal was to prevent France from alliancing with other nations, but its actual purpose was to weaken France’s power so that the Germans could be protected. (Beck, 842) In order to achieve such goals, in 1872, Bismarck established the Three Emperors League whom were composed...

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To what extent was imperialism mainly responsible for creating international tensions in the period 1878-1914?

several factors that contributed to the undeniable international tension in Europe up until 1914 and each factor played a definite part in pushing Europe closer and closer to a World War. The late 1800s and early 1900s saw a period of vast empire building and severe colonial rivalry. In the nineteenth century European countries such as Britain, France and Austria-Hungary realised that they would need to scramble for the control of regions all over the world in order to receive raw materials...

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Compare and contrast the two main figures of the European history of the 19th century: Napoleon III and Bismarck

and Napoleon. The second part is about the final result of their reign and how their reigns could be taken over after such changing of Europe. Bismarck main objective was to bring together the German states and to form a powerful great German State; this is why he became the main architect in the German unification. To succeed in this difficult task he used Realpolitik. He was as incredible in dealing with foreign affaires as with domestic affaires. The success of the unification was tremendous...

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Reason's Behind World War 1

during an inappropriate period. Some historians believed that the outbreak of the world war one was mainly responsible by the Germans as they have done several things that contributed to the beginning of the First World War such as starting the alliance system and extreme nationalism which made their desire to form alliance with Austria- Hungary successful and became a great German State. Nationalism was one of the primary reason for causing the outbreak of World War one. Nationalism in the 19th century...

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Ap World 5 Paragraph Response - Industrial Revolution Era

William I in 1861, was able to unite Germany through the Franco-Prussian war. In 1871, the victorious Bismarck crowned King William I as emperor of the new German Empire, and a strong and proud Germany emerged. In Russia, Alexander III, through a policy known as Russification, demanded all Russians, including people in the far-flung reaches of the Empire were made to learn the Russian language and convert to Russian Orthodoxy. Those that didn’t were persecuted (primarily the Jews) and led to many nonconformist...

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Social Darwinism

popular in politics, the nations of Europe were entangled in a colonial battle. Nations and political leaders believed the terms of this principle gave them justification to conquer inferior lands. When mitigating colonialism, politicians such as the German Kaiser Wilhelm II alleged that it was their entitlement as large, wealthy, and ‘fit' nations to dominate the less ‘fit' races of their colonies. Where Germany was concerned, Social Darwinism played a considerable role in their forgein policy as an...

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History

Germany to victory. Ludendorff- Appointed Chief-of-Staff to Hindenburg in 1914 Soldier of considerable ability, energy and enthusiasm. By the end of the war, Ludendorff was in effect, the wartime dictator of Germany and directed German military and political affairs. 4) No doubt that by the end of the war Ludendorff and Hindenburg became the ‘Silent dictator of Germany’ with power of the Emperor and Chancellor so weakened, the two main props of Bismarck’s constitution had been...

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World War I: An Inevitable Outcome

the great European War will come out of some damned foolish thing in the Balkans." (Archduke Franz, 2014). On June 28, 1914, as he predicted, Gavrilo Princip a Serbian nationalist in Sarajevo, Bosnia, assassinated the heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Archduke Franz Ferdinand along with his wife. Set alight by this event and fueled by a collection of militaristic foreign policies, alliances, the practice of imperialism and the ideology of nationalism, WWI was an inevitably outcome. Nationalism...

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WW1: Causes

maintaining the military strength necessary to win a major war; like Britain bulking up its navy just to meet the large army presented by Germans). Alliances (Agreement between two or more countries to work together to keep safe; like the Triple Entente including Great Britain, France, and Russia). Nationalism ( Extreme pride in one nation or state; like how the Germans felt strong nationalism after the Franco-Prussian War). Imperialism ( Domination by one country over another like political or economic;...

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Causes of WW1

in Europe because of mass trading throughout the world. Many events, incidents and tension points led to the eruption of our very first world war. But the main trigger was the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand (heir to the throne of the Empire of Austria-Hungary) on the 28 June 1914. One of the many causes of WW1 was the two alliance systems formed at the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th. On one side was Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy (Triple Alliance known as...

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“The political establishment in Germany succeeded in maintaining the status quo through a policy of moderate reform.” How far do you agree with this judgment?

have reasonable successes. For example, the introduction of his new tariff law of 1902. By restoring a higher duty on imported goods, von Bulow hoped to encourage people to buy German produced wheat. This act proved highly important in creating the alliance of “rye and steel”; (between the Junkers and industrialists) German leaders had so eagerly been seeking. Other of von Bulow’s reforms introduced for the purpose in question include the 1900 extension of accident insurance to include new occupations...

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Causes of the First and Second World War

all splendid. Initially, the policy was set up for two reasons, the first to keep the balance of power in Europe, and the second, to focus on protecting her overseas interest in the colonies and dominions. Britain was forced out of this policy by German bellicosity, seeking an ally and normalising its relations within Europe, with the Entente Cordiale and the Triple Entente being signed 1904 and 1907 respectively. Such was the tangle of alliances, that what was initially perhaps intended to be a...

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The First World War increased rather than narrowed political divisions in Germany? How far do you agree with this judgement?

narrowed political divisions in Germany? How far do you agree with this judgement? When the First World War broke out in 1914 the political divisions that had existed before narrowed as the German people became united in the defence of their country. The Kaiser’s declaration that he ‘knew no political parties, only Germans’, is evidence and a reflection of the national sense of patriotism that was felt throughout the Germany at the outbreak of war. The division between the right and the left ceased to...

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Sarajevo Assassination

shattered when Austria-Hungary annexed the state. Russia intervened; she wanted to expand her influence in the Balkans and aided Serbia. On the other hand, Germany, who promoted Pan-Germanism, openly supported Austria-Hungary’s annexation. Due to the German intervention, Russia and Serbia were forced to accept and recognize their territorial claim. Serbia’s irredentism hopes were crushed, and the Serbians gradually grew hostile towards Austria-Hungary. The above incident was known as the Bosnian Crisis...

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Was the pattern of Alliances in Europe from 1879-1907 shaped primarily around Germany's concerns for it's security?

Not only had a new, stronger country been created, threatening other empires, but the balance of power also shifted. Germany’s army of conscripted soldiers, its strong economy and large, nationalistic population, meant the country was, overall, very powerful. However, it was faced with threats, including its geographic position in central Europe, which needed new tactics to forestall. Prior to his dismissal in 1890, The German Chancellor, Bismarck, was responsible for the formation of the majority...

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The AP European History: Study Notes

liberal Parliament in 1863. Although he supported a strong monarchy he managed to unite Germany and worked for nineteen years to conserve the peace in Germany. Metternich, on the other hand, was always a conservative who wanted Austria to dominate the German Confederation and influence Europe. Metternich also abolished the Burschenschaften and passed the Final Act. Metternich: -Big symbol of conservatism in the first half of the 19th century -Foreign Minister of Austria -Played a crucial role at...

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From the Second Reich to the Wiemar Republic

Kaiser was almost a dictator. Ludendorff realised that Germany was going to be defeated in 1918. He told the Kaiser that the war must end. In October, the Germans asked President Woodrow Wilson to organise an end to the fighting. He agreed but demanded that the Kaiser must go. Starvation and riots spread though Germany and on 30th October, the German Navy refused to launch a desperate attack on the British Navy. The Kaiser finally agreed to abdicate and on the 11th November an armistice was signed. This...

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Germany's Burden

and Great Britain came into the war, because of a number of their own actions. Finally, Germany did receive full blame for the war. However the actual causes that had sparked World War I were a series of events between Serbia, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and Russia. For these reasons, Germany should not take full responsibility for the war, but only partial responsibility. Germany’s involvement in World War I was not brought on because of how they wanted war, even though they welcomed it, but how...

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How Ww1 Has Been Remembered

was named the Triple Entente. As these alliances were formed, there became immediate friction between the two alliances, as each one tried to overpower the other. 2. Imperialism: At that time, Kaiser, as well as the rest of Germany wanted a vast empire, like the British. Although they had the money as well as the resources, they had nothing to show for it. Kaiser wanted Germany to have access to raw materials and new markets. He also wanted to give Germany more respect. This angered Britain as Germany...

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TMAO2

was not focused on industrialisation. Only 0.98% of the population of France in 1910 lived within the three main industrial cities of France. (table 1.1, p20) Within the economy it can be seen that Britain and Germany are more alike. Britain and German out-put of steel and pig iron in 1910 was 16.7 million tonnes and 28.5 million tonnes compared to frances 7.4 million tonnes. (table 1.4, 2013, p23) Both Britain and Germany seemed to have moved away from their individual farming days and onto large...

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World War 1 DBQ

Germany before the beginning of WWI (Doc 11). France and Great Britain already established “empires” in Europe and Germany was intent on having one as well. Kaiser Wilhelm II in A Place in the Sun wrote of Germany’s destiny to imperialize Africa and become the leading and most powerful country in Europe. Germany was jealous of Britain’s vast colonies, calling her the “…bloodsucker of the World” in German propaganda (Doc 10). Germany was angry at being seen as the weaker country, “looked down… in...

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WW1 questions

reparations to certain countries that had formed the Entente powers. The total cost of these reparations was assessed at 132 billion marks ($31.5 billion, £6,600 million). The Treaty became known as a Diktat - as it was being forced on them and the Germans had no choice but to sign it. Many in Germany did not want the Treaty signed, but the representatives there knew that they had no choice as Germany was incapable of restarting the war again. What is conscription? Conscription was introduced in January...

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Bismarck Was a Past Master in the Diplomatic Arts

influential and powerful political character of modern Germany. After victorious wars with Denmark, France and Austria on January 18th, 1871 a new German Empire, which included the southern Germany states, was built. The King of Prussia became German Emperor. Bismarck was awarded the title of Prince and was appointed as Reichskanzler and his main aim was to unify German states under Prussian role. When added to his Prussian positions (premier, foreign minister, and minister of commerce) the imperial chancellorship...

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Alliance System

four ideological movement were emerged from the Europe power which were the Long term cause of WWI The Pan-Germanism, it advocated the expansion of Germany to the east, west south and to establish a large colonial empire in the Balkans and Western Asia. It raised the ambition of German people and stir up trouble of the other powers. The Pan-Slavism, it was aimed at Russia control over Constantinople and the Straits. It contradicted with Pan-Germanism and provoked the wars in Balkan. The Greater-Serbian...

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Was Bismarck's Foreign Policy 1871-90 a Success?

born on April 1, 1815 at Schönhausen and considered the founder of the German Empire. From 1862 to 1873 Bismarck was prime minister of Prussia and from 1871 to 1890 he was Germany's first Chancellor. Once Germany was unified, Bismarck noticed that Germany was under threat of attack from other countries surrounding it. Bismarck primarily wanted to avoid any challenges against the new European order and to unite the new German state, which faced domestic opposition and great suspicion from the rest...

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The treaty of Versailles was too Harsh, Do you agree

as it crippled them, economically and physically. They had to accept all the war guilt when technically it wasn’t their fault. It angered many citizens of Germany as they were being blamed for crimes they had not even committed. This angered the Germans more than ever. The allies should have been divided the guilt between all of the losing countries. Due to the War Guilt Germany had to pay for ‘ALL’ the damages done to the countries. So they had to pay 100,000 billion gold marks to the winning countries...

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Counselorr

toppled large empires, and contributed to wars like the Franco-Prussian War and World War I. Nationalism caused many countries to divide and revolt against to get their independence. Nationalism is the idea or feeling of being loyal to one's country, sometimes thinking it is better than other countries. Nationalism sparked a big change in Europe during the 1800s. Nationalism's peak was during the 1800s. Nationalism helped unite people into nation-states, toppled large empires, and contributed...

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Causes of WWI

neighbour had a population that consisted of a high percentage of Slavs. The Serbians saw the Slavs in Austria as being oppressed and dreamed to unite them under one large Slavic state; the creation of this country would mean that Austria Hungary’s empire would split in two. This desire to unite all the Serbs lead to the creation of the Black Hand in 1901. They were a Serbian terrorist group who kept nationalism alive through violent measures and were against anyone who oppressed the unification of...

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To what extent were the decisions made by Germany's leaders responsible for the outbreak of the First World War?

impressions as to wether Germany's leaders are responsibe for the outbreak of the First World War. Source 1 seems to strongly suggest that German leaders and the German Government did in fact push for the war with Hewitson blaming the Army and suggesting that Germany was looking for an opportunity to start war however he does not fully support the view that German leaders were responsible.Porter and Armour (Source 2) strongly supports this view by again pointing to the millitary and prime minister Bethmann...

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Causes of World war 1

war in history that had most of the world dragged into conflict against one another. There were many causes of WW1 the main one that actually started it was a short term cause, the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of the Austria-Hungary Empire. But there were a lot of long term causes that were building up to war like the arms race with military sections such as navy being built up especially between Britain and Germany. Also Imperialism was a great cause because Germany had only just unified...

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