In a speech to Congress in 1823, President James Monroe issued a new policy concerning the threat of European intervention to inhibit American sovereignty. This came to be known as the Monroe Doctrine, which became the cornerstone of U.S. relations with Latin America. It states that the United States would stay out of European affairs. It also warns the European powers that any effort to extend European influence into the Western Hemisphere would be regarded as a threat to the U.S and that the New World was not open to further colonization. However, colonies that existed would be allowed to remain colonies …show more content…
Jingoism is a feeling of fanatical patriotism. Many Americans were willing to do anything for their country and wanted to fight a war against the Spanish. Some joined the Cuban cause for independence as filibusters, independent Americans who fought for the Cubans. Others provided supplies.
The violence in Cuba began to escalate, and the U.S. Navy sent in ships to protect Americans in Cuba. One of these ships, the U.S.S. Maine, exploded. Immediately, the newspapers accused Spain. William McKinley who was described by Theodore Roosevelt as having "no more backbone than a chocolate éclair" succumbed to public sentiment and began preparations for war, though he was personally not in favor of it. As a result, war was declared upon Spain.
In the Spanish-American War, the U.S. fought Spain in the Philippines and the Caribbean. The war in the Philippines ended quickly and ships from there were brought to help in Cuba. However, the ships had to circle South America to reach the Caribbean. This demonstrated the need of a