Changing the world
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Development of Railways
Importance of technology and improvement of life
Cellphone Telecommunication developments and progress.
Through Engineering Customers is created
Jobs availability for electrical engineers varies greatly. VII.
Development of Railways
Trains have developed in way that they have surpassed the preliminary staged. For example train tours is a common thing where golden and luxury train travel, with dining cars set with fine linen and observation cars offering panoramic views of some of the world’s most spectacular landscapes. Trains can travel where cars cannot so it is easy to marvel at scenic vistas that would otherwise impossible to access. In the USA Amtrak1 is federal funded railways development, the company has been doing research in the development and growth of railways across US. Recently they have ventured into a project of developing and launching a 110 mph track on the service between Chicago and St Louis, with this project it will be among the infant railway with high speed development with is slowly becoming reality to some. As planned it will have a free wifi in many of the trains and for sure this will take a lot of drivers off the road. It is clear that this is an important step for high speed rail not only in the Midwest but also in US. Speed of up 100mph is very exciting at the same time scary, it is imperative that the trains succeed and help convince the country that train especially high speed can help reduce use of fossil fuel and less cars on the road. Small steps like this must be made to be able to achieve big goals The world is awakening into the electric railways system. Europe for example has an impressive and growing network of high speed passenger links, many of them international serving countries like Paris in France and Brussels in Belgium. It is a success and ease congestion apart from creating high paying permanent jobs. American railways passenger service is sparse compared with Europe’s. America’s freight railways are one of the unsung transport successes for the past 30 years; they are universally recognized in the industry as the best in the world. The staggering success started with deregulation of the past congress acts, staggers gave railways freedom to charge market rates, enter into confidential contracts with shippers and run trains as their business needs allow. This freedom gave them the flexibility to run what market demands and minimize loss. Before deregulation American railways was going burst, the return on capital fell from 4.1% in the 1940s to less than 3% in the 1960s. it is worth noting that in the 1970 the collapse of Penn Central caused a huge shock, including financial crisis. By 1980 a fifth of rail mileage was owned by bankrupt firms, which in the long run intercity freight slumped to 35% from 75% peak. Tracks were neglected and fell into disrepair which led to downward spiral of speed restriction and deteriorating service,the American famous “standing derailment” was invented in Congress to describe how dire the situation was.2 Several factors had combined to bring about this sorry state of affairs. Services and rates were tightly regulated. Companies were obliged to run passenger services that could not make a profit. And road haulage received a huge boost from the building of the interstate highway system, which began in the late 1950s. Although this was supposed to be financed by taxes on petrol and diesel, rail men saw it as a form of subsidy to a new competitor, the nationwide trucking industry of which they tried to derail. In a neat twist, the poor condition of today's highways and the lack of public money for repairs have tilted the competitive advantage back to a rejuvenated rail-freight industry. Giving the railroads the freedom to run their business as they saw fit led to dramatic...
References: 1. The Economist.www.economist.com
2. Orange County Transport Authority https://www.octa.net
3. Department of labor http://www.bls.gov
4. CRN http://archive.cra.org
5. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
6. Renewable Energy by David Haugen and Susan Musser
7. The Cellphone by Guy Klemens
8. Electrical Engineering by Charles Gross and Thaddeus Roppel
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