Education Act 1996

Topics: School, Disability, Special education Pages: 14 (528 words) Published: August 2, 2015
Education Act 1996 :
Amendments Year 2002(Children Compulsory

2.3.1 Implementation
• Compulsory primary education is a law that
requires every parent of Malaysian citizens
residing in Malaysia who have a child reaches
the age of six years on the first day of the
current school year, to be enrolled in primary
school and continue to be a pupil in primary
schools throughout the duration of primary

2.3.2. Implementation Period

• Compulsory education period is the
period of primary education, i.e. for
six years.

2.3.3 Year of Implementation
• Compulsory education will be implemented
starting school year 2003, which included
students in Years 1. Starting 2004, the
Compulsory Education will include pupils in
Year 2 throughout all schools.

2.3.4. Children Involved
• Children involved are those born
between January 2, 1996 to January
1, 1997 for the year 2003 and the
children who were born on January
2, 1997 to January 1, 1998 for the
year 2004.

2.3.5 Registration Process
i. Application Placement
ii. Confirmation Placement for Year 1
iii.  Confirmation Placement for Year 1
iv. First Day Enrollment of School
v. Change of School Before the Registration Day

2.3.6. Penalty
• Compulsory Education Policy aims to provide
education to parents and the community to
ensure that primary education is given to
children. Failure of parents to ensure their
children have the compulsory education is an
offense in terms of the law. If convicted
parents may be fined not more than RM5000
or imprisonment not exceeding 6 months or

The Education
Regulations (Special

• Begin with the roles and responsibilities
played by voluntary bodies within and outside
the country and the government’s role as a
prime mover.
• Interest on special education in Malaysia
began in the 1920s among the volunteers
involved in the opening of schools for the
blind and deaf.

• Regulation of Education (Special
Education) Act 1997 came into effect on
January 1, 1998 and with the
“Pupils with special needs” mean pupils
who have impaired vision or hearing
impairments or learning disabilities.

While the “Special Education Program”
• a program offered at a special school for pupils
who have a visual impairment or hearing
• a merger in the normal school program for
students who have a visual impairment or
hearing impairment or learning disabilities; and
• A program of inclusive education for pupils with
special needs who are able to attend the normal
classroom with normal pupils.

2.4.1 Eligibility for Special Education
all students with special needs who can be
educated and able to take care of themselves
without relying on the help of others - can be
accepted to school based on the following
statement: For government and governmentaided schools, pupils with special needs who are able learners are eligible to attend the
special education program except for the

• The disabled and handicapped pupils but
has the mental capacity to learn as
normal pupils, and
• pupils who have multiple disabilities or
who are severely disabled or those who
are severely mentally impaired

2.4.2 Curriculum
teachers can modify the :
• methods and techniques of teaching and
• time for activity
• activity structure
• subjects and teaching aids
to achieve the objectives and goals of special

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