Schools As Organisations
Know the structure of education from early years to post compulsory education
An education provides people not only with the academic skills required, but also the social skills such as having the self confidence and belief in ones self to achieve a fulfilling and happy life. It is every child’s human right to receive such an education from early years to higher, and therefore several stages in which they must travel for this to happen.
Early Years Education
The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) is a structure in place for the learning and development of children from birth to five years old, for which all schools and early years providers must follow. The purpose of the EYFS is to allow children to learn through play and to keep parents up to date with the progress of their child through regular contact. It also ensures the welfare of all children, whatever their background and levels of ability or disability may be. (L/O 1.1)
There are several types of providers of the EYFS, such as reception and nursery classes within schools, registered childminders, day nurseries, playgroups and after school and breakfast clubs. (L/O 1.1)
Types of Schools
Following early years education, children are legally obliged to attend school from age 5 to 16 years old, which may rise to 17/18 years old. There are several different types of schools within infant/primary and secondary education all guided by the National Curriculum, as follows: (L/O 1.2)
Mainstream State Schools - the Local Education Authority (LEA) fund four types of mainstream state schools (or maintained schools), all of which are monitored by Ofsted. These are as follows; community, voluntary, foundation/trust and specialist.
Community schools are run and owned by the LEA. They employ the staff, decide upon the admissions policy and own the building and surrounding land, which they may use to provide facilities for adult learning or childcare. This helps to develop strong links and encourage support within the local community. (L/O 1.2)
Voluntary schools are split into two types – voluntary-aided and voluntary controlled. Voluntary-aided schools are mainly religious or faith schools but are open to anybody wanting to attend. The governing body run the school and the land and buildings would usually be owned by the religious organisation or charity. Their funding comes from the governing body, the charity and the LEA. Voluntary-controlled schools run along the same lines as the aided schools but are run by the LEA, who would employ staff and set the admissions criteria. Again, the land and buildings would normally be owned by the charity, but funding would come from the LEA. (L/O 1.2)
Specialist schools are normally a secondary school that concentrates on a particular subject area. They would operate through partnerships within the private sector (most probably linked to the particular specialist subject of the school) and would also receive additional funding from the government. The choice of specialist subject allows the school to raise the standards and achieve higher targets. Any secondary specialist school can also apply for special status within one of the four areas of the Special Educational Needs (SEN) Code of Practice. Special schools can apply for specialism in relation to SEN. (L/O 1.2)
A foundation school is run by its own governing body. They would employ staff, and in conjunction with the LEA, would determine the admissions policy. Buildings and land are usually owned by the charity or governing body for both foundation and trust schools. A trust school is a type of foundation school, but will form a charitable trust with an outside partner, such as a business. The governing body, along with parental consultation would make the decision to become a trust school. Any type of support services would have to be bought in. (L/O 1.2)
These schools do not have to follow...
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