Dsm-Iv Evaluation

Topics: Schizophrenia, Mental disorder, Personality disorder Pages: 3 (699 words) Published: October 10, 2010

DSM-IV Evaluation
Valerie Lopez
Axia of University of Phoenix

DSM-IV Evaluation

Case 1 – Schizoid Personality Disorder
The first case study was matched with Schizoid personality disorder; the symptoms matched Josephine’s inability to be social and her emotional coldness. Genetic and environmental factors are common causes in Schizoid personality disorder as well as chromosomal and nervous system disorder. Some treatments that are available are psychotherapy, cognitive behavior therapy which focuses on adjusting thinking and behavioral skills that come along with schizoid personality. Group therapy, self help programs, and medications can all be used to help treat this disorder. Case 2 – Narcissistic Personality Disorder

There is no known cause for this disorder; many mental health professionals believe that this disorder is caused by extremities in child rearing. Such as extreme pampering or child's parents have a need for their children to be talented or special in order to maintain their own self-esteem. Narcissistic personality disorder might even develop as the result of neglect or abuse and trauma inflicted by parents or other authority figures during childhood (Medicine Net, 2010). There is no known cure for Narcissistic Personality Disorder except Psychotherapy. This therapy would try to help the patient relate to others in a more positive way. Psychotherapy tries to provide the person with greater insight into his or her problems and attitudes in the hope that this will change behavior. The goal of therapy is to help the person develop a better self-esteem and more realistic expectations of others (Medicine Net, 2010). Medication can also help with behavioral problems, or distressing symptoms. Case 3- Somatoform Disorder

This disorder is known to be caused by family stresses, parental modeling, cultural influences and biological factors. Treatments for this disorder range from medications, a firm relationship with a...

References: Comer, R. J. (2005). Fundamentals of abnormal psychology (4th ed.). New York: Worth.
MayoClinic. (2010). Dissociative Disorder. Retrieved on September 26, 2010 from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/dissociative-disorders/DS00574/DSECTION=treatments-and-drugs
Medicine Net.Com.(2010). Narcissistic Personality Disorder. Retrieved on September 26, 2010 from http://www.medicinenet.com/narcissistic_personality_disorder/page2.htm#treatment
Medicine Net.Com.(2010). Schizophrenia. Retrieved on September 26, 2010 from http://www.medicinenet.com/schizophrenia/page4.htm#treatment
PsyWeb.com.(2010). Somatoform Disorder. Retrieved on September 26, 2010 from http://psyweb.com/Mdisord/jsp/somatd.jsp#cs
Street Directory.(2010). Schizoid Personality Disorder. Retrieved on September 26, 2010 from http://www.streetdirectory.com/travel_guide/111455/psychology/schizoid_personality_disorder_causes_symptoms_treatment.html
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