Bala Vidya Mandir Sr.Sec.School
BVM Global Group of Schools
Democratic Constitution in South Africa:
Struggle against apartheid
The racial discrimination against the blacks in South Africa brought about by the white minority groups came to be called as Apartheid. Apartheid divided the people on the basis of their skin colour. Trains, buses, taxis, hotels, hospitals and schools were separate for whites and blacks.
The African National Congress led by Nelson Mandela spearheaded the movement to end this discrimination.
Due to pressure from world bodies in the 1980’s the discriminatory laws were repealed. Ban on political parties were lifted and after 28years of imprisonment Nelson Mandela walked out as a free man.
In 1994 the policy of racial discrimination ended paving the way for a multi-racial government.
After the emergence of the new democratic South Africa a new Constitution was drafted based on the principles of social justice, human rights and equality.
Define a Constitution and its function
A constitution is a set of rules which are accepted by the people living together. It determines the relationship between the Government and the people.
Constitution generates a degree of trust and coordination among people who live together.
It specifies how the Government will be constituted.
It lays down limits on the power of the government and lists out the right of the citizens.
It expresses the aspirations of the people about creating a good society.
The path to Constitution
The ideology and the process for drafting the Constitution started even before India’s Independence.
In 1928 Motilal Nehru briefly stated the features for the Constitution of India after freedom.
At the Karachi session of the Congress in 1931 the Indian National Congress dwelt on how independent India’s constitution should look like.
Universal Adult franchise, right to freedom...
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