Business: United States Constitution and Exclusive State Power

Topics: United States Constitution, United States Congress, U.S. state Pages: 3 (877 words) Published: August 3, 2014
What powers are extended to the federal government? Explain in detail. The powers extended to the federal government are collecting taxes, regulate interstate commerce, making of coin money, regulate currency, set standards of weights and measure, declare war, and Raise and maintain an army and navy. They also have implied powers based on the elastic clause (Art. I, § 8, cl. 5), powers considered “necessary and proper” for carrying out the enumerated (or express) powers For example, in 1791, Federalists in Congress argued that the creation of a national bank was “necessary and proper” for Congress to execute its enumerated powers to coin and borrow money and regulate currency. McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) confirmed Congress’s right to found this national bank. What components of the US Constitution describe and detail the powers extended to the federal government? The Constitution of the United States defines a government with three branches: executive, legislative and judicial. Each branch has certain powers, but those powers are also bound by specific limits, exercised primarily in a system of checks and balances by the other branches. This concept is known as "separation of powers," according to an overview on the website of the National Conference of State Legislatures, a term coined by Charles-Louis de Secondat, an 18th-century French social and political philosopher. The legislative branch makes laws, but they must be signed by the executive to take effect, or they may be vetoed. The judicial branch rules on the laws' constitutionality. Legislators can respond by overriding a veto, changing a law or amending the Constitution. What powers are extended to the state governments? Explain in detail. The powers extended to the state government are issue licenses, conduct local elections, regulate intrastate commerce, and provide for public health and safety. Sometimes there is a conflict between the state and federal governments in defining who an exclusive power...
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