Cases such as Victoria Climbie led to the Lord Lamings enquiry. The enquiry was aimed at "Marking the end of child protection policy built on a hopeless process of child care tragedy, scandal, inquiry, findings, brief media interest and ad hoc political response. There is now a rare chance to take stock and rebuild."
It became grossly apparent that things had to change and recommendations were made "as to how such an event, as far as possible, be avoided in the future."
The report contained 108 recommendations for changes to the way social care, healthcare and police child protection services are organised at national and local level, in order to establish a clear line of accountability in the provision of services for vulnerable children and the support of families.
The Lord Laming enquiry has fundamentally affected the way in which we safeguard children in the UK.
The United Nations Convention on the rights of the Child 1989 outlines the current legislation regarding children's rights to protection from abuse, the rights to express their views and be listened to and the right to care for disabled children and children living away from home. Although British government has said it is bound by this legislation it is not part of British Law. There is no legislation that covers safeguarding children and young people in the UK; different laws and guidelines cover different parts of the UK.
Working Together to Safeguard Children 2010, applies to those working in education, health and social services in the statutory, independent and voluntary sectors. This documents covers;
• A summary of the impact of neglect and abuse on a child.
• Best practice in child protection procedures.
• The roles and responsibilities of different agencies and practitioners.
• The role of Local Safeguarding Children Boards (LSCB's)
• The processes to be followed when there are