In England, since September 2008, the welfare requirements are now part of the Early Years Foundation Stage. They have also been standardised so that all settings comply with the same welfare requirements. The welfare requirements are compulsory, and it is essential that, you have read them as your setting has a legal duty to comply with them. The requirements are; Safeguarding and promoting children’s welfare – this is a significant section within the welfare requirements and covers many of the day-to-day activities that you are likely to be involved in, for example food and drink, behaviour management, medicines. This means that you should spend some time going through the specific legal requirements and statutory guidance to ensure that your personal practice is complying. Suitable people – This section looks at the suitability of people to work with children and includes vetting procedures as well as issues such as training and fitness for work. It also covers child-staff ratios although the exact ratios are given in the documents appendix and are linked to children’s ages and the qualification levels of staff. Suitable premises, environment and equipment – this section aims to ensure that children are looked after in premises and environments that are safe. As with the safeguarding and promoting children’s welfare section, many of the legal requirements will apply to some of your day-to-day activities, for example checking that toys are safe and that the outdoor environment is clean. Organisation – this is an important section within the EYFS as it relates not to the physical care aspects of working with children but to the promotion of children’s learning and development. Documentation – this section looks at the documentation and records that all settings should have. You need to read this as you are likely to contribute to these records when, for example parents tell you they are moving home. CU1535
When working with children in a group setting, it’s essential that we understand the line of reporting and responsibility. If you work within a small setting, the lines of reporting might be quite obvious, for example, you may go straight to your supervisor or manager, but if you work within a large setting certain members of staff may be responsible for different areas, such as health and safety, you should report any safety issues to that person. If you are responsible for a particular area, for example as the designated person who deals with concerns regarding child protection, its essential that you work with any new members of staff or volunteers so that they know when they should come to you. You may also have the responsibility in training them. CU1535
When promoting children’s health there are many different components that are required for good health, these are; Physical Activity – This is essential for children of all ages as it helps to strengthen many parts of the body including the heart, lungs, bones and muscles. Physical activity is also linked to children’s need for stimulation. In the past few years, there have been concerns that some children are not getting sufficient opportunities to exercise and experts have predicted that this may have both short-term and long-term problems in terms of these children health. This means that in the routines of our settings we should think about how we can support children activity both in and out doors. This may include opportunities for walking and running about as well as through dance and physical play outdoors. Fresh air and light – The need for fresh air is about children having opportunities to breathe more oxygenated air. Indoors this means ensuring that there is adequate ventilation, which also helps prevent the spread of airborne infections. Being outdoors in the fresh air seems to help children eat and sleep better; it also means that children have access to sunlight which can support their intake of...
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